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Appendix CResearch ContactsWith few exceptions, each of the research contacts listed below hascontributed information to this report based on their personal expertiseand experience. Most have agreed to cooperate with readers whocontact them. Without the collaboration of the 600 individuals listedhere, together with more than 50 other contributors, this report wouldnot have been possible.ACHIRAAndean RegionCarlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Programa de Investigaciones en Cultivos Andinos, UniversidadNacional de San Cristobal de Huamanga, Ayacucho, PeruFernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Facultad de CienciasAgrarias, Universidad Nacional de San Cristobal de Huamanga, Apartado 220, Ayacucho,Peru (germplasm, pathology)Augusto Cardich, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de LaPlata, La Plata 1900, Argentina (geography and climate)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Departamento de Manejo Forestal, Universidad Nacional Agraria(GINA), Centro de Datos Para La Conservacion, Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100,PeruFondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Ministerio de Agricultura yCrib, Centro Simon Bol~var, Torre Norte, Piso 14, Caracas 1010, VenezuelaMichael Hermann, Program on Andean Root and Tuber Crops, International Board for PlantGenetic Resources (IBPGR), Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Escuela de Post-Grado, Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruJoy C. Horton Hofmann, PO Box 492, Loja, EcuadorZosimo Huaman Cueva, Gehetic Resources Department, Centro Internacional de la Papa(CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, PeruInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Estacion Experimental "SantaCatalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito, EcuadorCarlos Nieto C., Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgropecuarias (INIAP), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito,EcuadorRaul R~os E., Centro de Investigaciones Fitotecnicas Pairumani, Casilla 3861, Cochabamba,Bolivia347

348LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJuan Risi Carbone, Oficina Regional pare la America Latina y el Caribe, InternationalDevelopment Research Centre (IDRC), Apartado Aereo 53016, Bogota, Colombia(cropping systems)Juan Solano Lazo, Estacion Experimental del Austro, Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgropecuarias (INIAP), Apartado 554, Cuenca, EcuadorOther CountriesGregory J. Anderson, Biological Sciences, Room 312, U-43, University of Connecticut, 75North Eagleville Road, Storrs, Connecticut 06268, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy)Vichitr Benjasil, Field Crops Research Institute, Department of Agriculture, Bangkhen,Bangkok 10900, ThailandOpas Boonseng, Banmai Samrong Field Crop Experiment Station, Department of Agriculture,Shikhiu, Nakhon Rachasima, ThailandRicardo Bressani, Instituto de Nutricion de Centro America y Panama (INCAP), CarreteraRoosevelt Zona 11, Apartado Postal 1188, Guatemala City, Guatemala (nutrition)Leslie Brownrigg, 7408 16th Avenue, Takoma Park, Maryland 20912, USA (indigenoussystems)Ramon de la Pena, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University ofHawaii, Kauai Branch Station, 7370—A Kuamoo Road, Kapoa, Hawaii 96746, USADick and Annemarie Endt, Landsendt Subtropical Fruits, 108 Parker Road, Oratia, Auckland7, New ZealandW. Hardy Eshbaugh, Department of Botany, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056, USAMichel Fanton, Seed Savers' Network, PO Box 24, Nimbin, New South Wales 2480, AustraliaDaniel W. Gade, Department of Geography, Old Mill Building, University of Vermont,Burlington, Vermont 05405, USAB.W.W. Grout, Faculty of Science, Department of Biological Sciences, Plymouth Polytechnic,Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8M, UKRay Henkel, Department of Geography, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287,USA (pioneer colonization)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), FAO Headquarters, Via delleTerme di Caracalla, Rome 00100,1taly (germplasm information)Alan M. Kapuler, Peace Seeds, 2385 S.E. Thompson, Corvallis, Oregon 97333, USAT.N. Khoshoo, Tata Energy Research Institute (teri), 7 Jor Bagh, New Delhi 110 003, India(triploids)Steven R. King, Latin America Science Program, The Nature Conservancy, 1815 NorthLynn Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209, USA (ethnobotany)Tetsuo Koyama, Asiatic Programs, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-9980, USA (polyploids)J. Le Dividich, Station de Recherches Porcines, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique(INRA), Saint-Gilles, L'Hermitage 35590, France (animal metabolism and nutrition)Peter Lloyd, Department of Primary Industries, GPO 46, Brisbane, Queensland 4001,AustraliaPaul J.M. Maus, Institute of Systematic Botany, Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, Vakgroep bijzonderePlantkunde, Heidelberglaan 2, PO Box 80.102, Utrecht 3508 PTC, Netherlands (taxonomy)Franklin W. Martin, 2305 East Second, Lehigh Acres, Florida 33936, USAK. Nishiyama, Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-8-1 Harumi-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 183, JapanMitsunori Oka, Department of Genetic Resources I, National Institute of AgrobiologicalResources (NIAR), Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-ken 305, Japan (growth characteristics)Kevin Patterson, Division of Horticulture and Processing, Department of Scientific andIndustrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Auckland, New ZealandMartin L. Price, Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization (ECHO), 17430 DurranceRoad, North Fort Myers, Florida 33917, USA (limited germplasm available)Chris Rollins, Fruit and Spice Park, 24801 S.W. 187th Avenue, Homestead, Florida 33031,USAArne Rousi, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku SF-20500, Finland (physiology,virus-free culture)

APPENDIX C349Setijati Sastrapradja, Pusat Penelitian den Pengembangan Bioteknologi, Centre for Researchin Biotechnology, Gedung Kusnoto, Jalan Juanda 18, Bogor, IndonesiaRobin Saunders, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA), Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, California94710, USA (processing starches)Richard E. Schultes, Botanical Museum, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge,Massachusetts 02138, USA (ethnobotany)Seung Jin Kim, Department of Horticulture, Yonam Junior College of Livestock andHorticulture, Sung Whan PO Box 148, Chon Won, Choong Nam-Do 330~1, SouthKorea (germplasm)Steven Spangler, Exotica Rare Fruit Nursery, 2508-B East Vista Way, PO Box 160, Vista,California 92083, USAH.-D. Tscheuschner, Sektion Verarbeitungs- und Verfahrenstechnik, Technische UniversitatDresden, Mommsenstrasse 13, Dresden 8027, East Germany (starches)Le nqoc Tu, Faculty of Food Technology, Centre of Biotechnology, Polytechnic Universityof Hanoi, Hanoi, Vietnam (starches)Donald Ugent, Department of Botany, University of Southern Illinois, Carbondale, Illinois62901, USAWatana Watananonta, Banmai Samrong Field Crop Experiment Station, Department ofAgriculture, Shikhiu, Nakhon Rachasima, ThailandAHIPAAndean RegionHeinz Brucher, Finca Condorhuasi, Casilla de Correo 131, Mendoza 5500, Argentina (usefulplants)Raul O. Castillo T., Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), EstacionExperimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito, Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Zosimo Huaman Cueva, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Oficina de Investigacion, Departamento de Agronom~a, UniversidadNacional de San Cristobal de Huamanga, Apartado 243, Ayacucho, PeruOther CountnesAriel Azael, Institut Interamericain de Cooperation pour ['Agriculture (IICA), Premiere ImpasseLavaud 14, PO Box 2020, Port-au-Prince, HaitiLeslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)D.J. Cotter, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, New Mexico State University, LasCruces, New Mexico 88003, USAW. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Christine Franquemont, Latin American Studies Program, Cornell University, Uris Hall 190,Ithaca, New York 14853, USA (Quechua plant use)R.E. Gomez, Plant and Pest Management Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),South Agricultural Building, Washington, DC 20250, USAB.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, Department of Biochemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge,Louisiana 70803-1464, USA (gene splicing)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)

350LOST CROPS OF THE INCASAvigdor Orr, Product and Package Development, DNA Plant Technology Corporation, 2611Branch Pike, Cinnaminson, New Jersey 08077, USAJohn Palmer, Division of Crop Research, New Crops Section, Department of Scientif~c andIndustrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Christchurch, New ZealandC.A. Schroeder, Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California90024, USARichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Marten S0rensen, Botanisk Laboratorium, Kobenhavns Universitet, Gothersgade 140,Copenhagen DK-1123, DenmarkCalvin R. Sperling, Germplasm Services Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service (ARS),U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Building 001, Room 321, Beltsville AgriculturalResearch Center (BARC-West), Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USALouis Trap, Box 59003, Mangere-Bridge, Auckland, New ZealandARRACACHAAndean RegionOsmar Alves Carriji, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA)/CNPH, CaixaPostal 07.0218, Brasilia, D.F. 70.359, BrazilWaldir Aparecido Marouelli, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA)/CNPG, Caixa Postal 07.0218, Brasilia, D.F. 70.359, BrazilFrancisco Luiz Araujo Camara, Empresa Goiana de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMGOPA),Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA), Caixa Postal 49, Goiania,Goias 74.000, BrazilCarlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Vicente W.D. Casali, Departamento de Fitotecnia 185, Universidade Federal de Vi~osa(UFV), Vi~cosa, Minas Gerais 36.570, BrazilRaul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)Fernando L. de Bastos Freire, Empresa de Assistencia Tecnica e Extensao Rural do EstadoMinas Gerais (EMATER), Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (EMBRAPA),Praga Barao de Santa CecDia 68 - 1 Andar, Caranda~, Minas Gerais 36.280, BrazilCesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Luis Eduardo Mora, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad de Narino, Carrera 25, Mp/ 1109, Pasto, Narino, ColombiaRolando Egusquiza, Programa de Papa, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456,La Molina, Lima 100, PeruRolando Estrada J., Laboratorio de Recursos Geneticos y Biotecnolog~as, UniversidadNacional Mayor de San Marcos, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Apartado 170138,Lima, Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Estacion Experimental Banos del Inca, Programa Nacional deCultivos Andinos (PNCA), Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agraria y Agroindustrial(INIAA), Julio Guerrero #121, Urb. Cajamarca, Cajamarca, PeruTomas Guerrero, Alemania 221, Quito, EcuadorMichael Hermann, Peru (s~ee Achira)Fabio Higuita Munoz, Hortilizas y Frutales, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), ApartadoAereo 151123, Bogota, ColombiaAndres Miguel Hlatky Hernandez, Facultad de Ingenier~a Agronomica, Escuela SuperiorPolitecnica de Chimborazo (ESPOCH), Casilla 4703, Riobamba, EcuadorMiguel Holle, Programa de Investigacion de Recursos Geneticos (PRONARGEN), InstitutoNacional de Investigacion Agraria y Agroindustrial (INIAA)., Avenida Guzman Blanco 309,Lima 1, PeruZosimo Huaman Cueva, Peru (see Achira)

APPENDIX C351Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Ciudad Universitaria,Apartado Aereo 14.490, Bogota, ColombiaInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (information, germplasm)(see Achira)Latinreco S.A., Centro Nestle, Casilla Postal 6053-CCI, Quito, Cumbaya, EcuadorSady Majino Bernardo, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Huanuco"Hermilio Valdizan," Jiron Dos de Mayo 680, Apartado 278, Huanuco, PeruReinaldo Monteiro, Departamento Botanica, Instituto de Biosciencias, Universidade EstadualPaulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho," Campus de Rio Claro-UNESP, Caixa Postal 178, RioClaro, Sao Paulo 13.500, BrazilLaura Munoz Esp~n, Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgropecuarias (INIAP), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito,EcuadorCarlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Jose Otocar Reina Barth, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Departamento de CienciasSociales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNPALMIRA), Apartado Aereo 237, Palmira,Valle, Colombia (small-scale production)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Jose Fernando Romero Canizares, Facultad de Ingenier~a Agronomica, Escuela SuperiorPolitecnica de Chimborazo (ESPOCH), Panamericana Sur Km.1, Casilla 4703, Riobamba,EcuadorIsidoro Sanchez Vega, Los Fresnos 191, Apartado 55, Cajamarca, PeruPeter E. Schmiediche, Genetic Resources Department, Centro Internacional de la Papa(CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, PeruJuan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Rebeca Vega de Rojas, Corporacion Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato,EcuadorCarlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional deInvestigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," CasillaPostal 340, Quito, EcuadorAntonio C.W. Zanin, Departamento Horticultura-FCA, Universidade do Estado do Sao Paulo(UNESP), Caixa Postal 237, Botucatu, Sao Paulo 18.600, BrazilOther Countr~esJames Affolter, Botanical Garden, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA(taxonomy and literature)Gregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Vichitr Benjasil, Thailand (see Achira)Lynn A. Bohs, Pringle Herbarium, Marsh Life Science Building, University of Vermont,Burlington, Vermont 05405, USARicardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Leslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)Alan A. Brunt, Plant Pathology Department, AFRC Institute of Horticultural Research,Worthing Road, Littlehampton, West Sussex BN17 6LP, UK (disease- and virus-freegermplasm)Norberto Colon Ferrer, Agricultural Extension Service, University of Puerto Rico, Apartado10, Barranquitos, Puerto Rico 00618, USAReinaldo Del Valle, Jr., Department of Agronomy and Soil, Agriculture Research Station,University of Puerto Rico, College of Agriculture, PO Box 21360, Rio Piedras, PuertoRico 00928, USA (yield research)R. Delhey, Institut fur Nutzpflanzenforschung, Technische Universitat Berlin, Fachbereich15-Ostbau, Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 3, Berlin 33, West Germany (virus screening)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)

352LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Departamento de Graduados e Investigacidn en Alimentos,Instituto Politecnico Nacional (IPN), Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas (ENCB),Caixa Postal 02860, PO Box 26 350, Mexico 07738, D.F., MexicoTimothy A. Johns, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, Macdonald College of McGillUniversity, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X ECU, Canada (ethnobotany, chemicalecology)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Mildred Mathias, c/o Department of Botany, University of California, Los Angeles, California90024, USA (Umbelliferae)Teddy E. Morelock, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, 316 Plant Science,Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USAAvigdor Orr, USA (see Ahipa)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Hugh Popenoe, International Program in Agriculture, University of Florida, 3028 McCartyHall, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USACharles M. Rick, Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis, California95616, USARichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)MACAAndean RegionSantiago Erik Antunez de Mayolo R., Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Apartado1~5469, Lima 18, Peru (pre-Columbian plants, geography, and climate)Carlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Raul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Estrada J., Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Jiron Humbolt 645 - Chilca, Huancayo, Peru (botanical seed)Ramiro Matos Mendieta, Colegio Real, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, JironAndahuaylas 348, Avenida Republica de Chile 295, Casilla 454, Lima, PeruEloy Munive Jauregui, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad Nacional del Centro del Peru,Ciudad Universitaria, Huancayo, PeruCarlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Francisco Rhon Davila, Centro Andino de Accion Popular (CAAP), Apartado 173-B, Quito,EcuadorJuan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Avenida La Paz 857, Lima 18, Miraflores, PeruLauro Toribio Baltazar, Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Universidad Nacional del Centro delPeru, Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria "El Mantaro," Carretera Central Km. 34, ElMantaro, Huancayo, PeruJulio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Noem~ Zuniga Lopez, Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Santa Ana, Apartado 411,Huancayo, Peru (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm)Other CountriesGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Helio H.C. Bastien, 77 Zacatecas, San Miguel de Allende Guanajuato 37700, MexicoW. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)

APPENDIX C353Christine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)Daniel W. Gade, USA (see Achira)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Ron Kadish, 1980 Hobart Drive, Camarillo, California 93010, USA (agronomy)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Jorge Leon, Apartado 480, San Pedro, Monte de Oca, San Jose, Costa RicaDag Olav Ovstedal, Milde Arboretum, The Norwegian Arboretum-ARBOHA, The Universityof Bergen, Store Milde N-5067, NorwayTej Partap, Mountain Farming Systems Division, International Centre for Integrated MountainDevelopment (ICIMOD), GPO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal (mountain agriculture,genetic resources)Deborah Pearsall, Department of Anthropology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri65211, USA (ethnobotanical archaeology)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)John W. Rick, Department of Archeology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305,USARichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)AA Shah, Institut fur Biochemie, Biologische Bundesanstalt, Messeweg 11-12, BraunschweigD-3300, West GermanyCalvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Hermann Stegemann, Institut fur Biochemie, Biologische Bundesanstalt, Messeweg 11-12,Braunschweig D-3300, West GermanyMASH(IAAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, c/o lnstituto Boliviano de Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria (IBTA), Calle Colombia,Casilla 2631, Cochabamba, Bolivia (pathology)Osmar Alves Carriji, Brazil (see Arracacha)Carlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Oscar Blanco Galdos, Institute of Andean Crops, Universidad Nacional de San AntonioAbad del Cusco (UNSMC), Apartado 921, Cusco 206, PeruHeinz Brucher, Argentina (useful plants) (see Ahipa)Anibal del Carpio Farfan, Programa Regional de Cultivos Andinos, Estacion ExperimentalAgropecuaria Andenes, Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agraria y Agroindustrial(INIM), Avenida Pachacutec No. 609, Casilla 807, Cusco, PeruCesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Egusquiza, Peru (see Arracacha)Rolando Estrada J., Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Zosimo Huaman Cueva, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Interamericano de (:ooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Conservacion y Manejode Recursos Naturales Renovables, Oficina del IICA en Bolivia, Casilla 6057, La Paz,BoliviaInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (IN W), Ecuador (see Achira)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (botanical seed) (see Maca)(]Irich Mohr, Andean Crops for Human Nutrition, Convenio Peru-Alemania pare CultivosAndinos-GTZ (CORDE), Avenida Sol 817, Casilla Postal 807, Cusco, PeruDavid Morales V., Germplasm Section, Instituto Boliviano de Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria(IBTA), Cajon Postal 5783, La Paz, Bolivia

354LOST CROPS OF THE INCASEloy Munive Jauregui, Peru (see Maca)Laura Munoz Aspen, Ecuador (in vitro germplasm conservation,) (see Arracacha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Eduardo Peralta I., Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgropecuarias (INW), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito,EcuadorRaul R'os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Centro de Medicina Andina, Jiron Ricardo Palma No. 5, Santa Monica.Apartado 711, Cusco, PeruJose Fernando Romero Canizares, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Basilio Salas, Department of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, NorthDakota 58105, USA (Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Puno, after 1990)Luis Salazar, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, Peru (virology)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Raul Santana Paucar, MlNKA-Grupo "Talpuy," Grupo de Investigaci6n y Extension deTecnolog~a Popular, Avenida Centenario 589 San Carlos, Apartado No. 222, Huancayo,PeruJuan Seminario Cunya, Universidad Nacional Tecnica de Cajamarca, Apartado 16, Cajamarca,PeruJuan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Lauro Toribio Baltezar, Peru (see Maca)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Julio Valle, Corporacion Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato, Ecuador(soil science)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Jeffrey White, Programa de Frijoles, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT),Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, ColombiaOther Countr~esGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Leslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)Alan A. Brunt, UK (disease- and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)R. Delhey, West Germany (virus screening) (see Arracacha)Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), 1 bei Frankfurt/Main, Dag-Hammarskjold-weg 1, Postfach 5180, Eschborn D-6236, West GermanyDick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Christine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Ron Hurov, PO Box 1596, Chula Vista, California 92012, USAInternational Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Paula Jokela, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku SF-20500, Finland(physiology, virus-free culture)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Jess R. Martineau, NPI, University Research Park, 417 Wakara Way, PO Box 8049, Salt LakeCity, Utah 84108, USA (biotechnology)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Michael N. Pearson, Department of Botany, University of Auckland, Private Bag, Auckland,New Zealand (virus-free germplasm)Leene Pietila, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku SF-20500, Finland(physiology, virus-free culture)F.M. Quin, Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT) (Royal Tropical Institute), Mauritskade63, Amsterdam 1092-AD, Netherlands

APPENDIX C355Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)Warren G. Roberts, The University Arboretum, University of California, Davis, California95616, USAArne Rousi, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Achira)Robin Saunders, USA (processing starches) (see Achira)L. Schilde-Rentschler, Arbeitsgruppe Prof. Dr. H. Ninnemann, Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftliches Forschungszentrum, der Universitat, Ob dem Himmelreich 7,Tubingen D-7400, West GermanyRichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Seung Jin Kim, South Korea (germplasm) (see Achira)A.A. Shah, West Germany (see Maca)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Hermann Stegemann, West Germany (see Maca)W.R. Sykes, Division of Botany, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR),Private Bag, Christchurch, New ZealandMAUKAAndean RegionRaul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)J. Chicaisa, Cochasqu~, Tabacundo, EcuadorLeopoldo Chontasi, Centro de Arte y Accion Popular (CAAP), Chahuarpungo, Pichincha,Ecuador (grower)R. Chorlango, Cubinche, Tabacundo, EcuadorLola F. de Montenegro, Instituto de Estudios de Bromatolog~a y Nutricion Andina, UniversidadSan Mart~n de Porres, Calle Bol~var 348, Miraflores, Lima, Peru (nutritional analysis)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Estrada J., Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Julio Rea, Casilla 21956, La Paz, BoliviaJuan Rodr~guez Cueva, Estacion Experimental Banos del Inca, Programa Nacional deCultivos Andinos (PNCA), INIAA, Julio Guerrero #121, Urb. Cajamarca, Cajamarca, PeruIsidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Mario E. Tapia Nunez, Programa Nacional de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional deInvestigacion y Promocion Agropecuaria (PISA - INIPA), Apartado 110697, Lima 11,PeruCarlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Other Countr~esW. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Jose T. Esquinas-Alcazar, Seed Service (AGPS), Plant Production and Protection Service,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Via delle Terme diCaracalla, Rome 00100, ItalyJesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Jorge Leon, Costa Rica (see Maca)Lyman Smith, c/o Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, SmithsonianInstitution, Washington, DC 20560, USA (taxonomy)

(Video) People Read the Last Texts From Their Lost Loved Ones

356OCALOST CROPS OF THE INCASAndean RegionJaime Alba Aldunate, Asociacidn Integral de Organizaciones Agropecuarias, Casilla No.7759, La Paz, BoliviaCarlos A. Alvarez, Departamento de Biolog~a, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruSantiago Erik Antunez de Mayolo R., Peru (pre-Columbian plants, geography, and climate)(see Maca)Carlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Oscar Blanco Galdos, Peru (see Mashua)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Raul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)Andres Contreras M., Instituto de Produccion Vegetal, Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla567, Valdivia, Chile (germplasm)Hernan Cortes Bravo, Departamento Academicoide Agricultura, Universidad Nacional deSan Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSMC), Apartado 921, Cusco, PeruDaniel de Azkue, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cient~ficas y Tecnicas, Centro deEstudios Farmacologicos y de Principios Naturales (CEFAPRIN), Serrano 665, BuenosAires 1414, Buenos Aires, Argentina (cytology)Mery de Quiton, Instituto Boliviano de Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria (IBTA), Calle Colombia,Casilla 2631, Cochabamba, Bolivia (pathology)Anibal del Carpio Farfan, Peru (see Mashua)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Estrada J., Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)Leonard Field, Centro Andino de Accion Popular (CAAP), Apartado 173—B. Quito, EcuadorFondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Humberto Gandarillas, Flores Montesillo, Casilla 053, Cochabamba, BoliviaAlexander Grobman, Gentec - Grobman Genotecnica S.A., Oficina 702, Avenida Republicade Panama 3563, San Isidro, Lima, Peru (germplasm collection)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias ( IN W) , Ecuador ( see Achira )Luis A. Jimenez Monroy, Universidad Nacional Tecnica del Altiplano, Ciudad Universitaria,Casilla 291, Puno, PeruSady Majino Bernardo, Peru (see Arracacha)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (botanical seed) (see Maca)Arturo Jose Mart~nez, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cient~ficas y Tecnicas, Centro deEstudios Farmacologicos y de Principios Naturales (CEFAPRIN), Serrano 665, BuenosAires 1414, Buenos Aires, Argentina (cytology)Ulrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Eloy Munive Jauregui, Peru (see Maca)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (in vitro germplasm conservation) (see Arracacha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador ~(see Achira)Eduardo Peralta I., Ecuador (see Mashua)Julio Rea, Bolivia (indigenous food plants) (see Mauka)Francisco Rhon Davila, Ecuador (see Maca)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Jose Fernando Romero Canizares, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Basilio Salas, USA (see Mashua)

APPENDIX C357Francisco Salas, Departamento de Tecnolog~a y Productos Agropecuarios (TAPA), UniversidadNacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruLuis Salazar, Peru (virology) (see Mashua)Peter E. Schmiediche, Peru (see Arracacha)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Lauro Toribio Baltozar, Peru (see Maca)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Julio Valle, Ecuador (soil science) (see Mashua)Rebeca Vega de Rojas, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Jeffrey White, Colombia (see Mashua)Other Countr~esGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Helio H.C. Bastien, Mexico (see Maca)Vichitr Benjasil, Thailand (see Achira)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)William M. Brown, Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Science, Colorado StateUniversity, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USAAlan A. Brunt, UK (disease- and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)G. Burne, Levin Horticultural Research Centre, Ministry of Auriculture andFisheries (MAF),Private Bag, Levin, New ZealandSam Campbell, Botanical Garden, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA(germplasm)R. Delhey, West Germany (virus screening) (see Arracacha)Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West Germany (see Mashua)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Stanley Gershoff, School of Nutrition, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USAB.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Peter Halford, Almadale Road, RD 7, Feilding, New ZealandEinar Hellborn, Saningsvagen 86, Jarfalla S-17545, Sweden (greenhouse grower of tropicaltubers)Efraim Hernandez X., Centro de Botanico, Institucion Ensenanza e Investigacion en CienciasAgr~colas, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Chapingo, Estado de Mexico 56230,MexicoRobert W. Hoopes, Frito-Lay, Incorporated, 4295 Tenderfoot Road, Rhinelander, Wisconsin54501, USA (genetics, breeding, and pathology)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Paula Jokela, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Mashua)Wayne Jones, NPI, University Research Park, 417 Wakara Way, PO Box 8049, Salt LakeCity, Utah 84108, USA (virus screening)Ron Kadish, USA (agronomy) (see Maca)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Alicia Lourteig, Laboratoire de Phanerogamie, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 16,rue Buffon, Paris 75005, France (taxonomy)Jess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Cesar Morales, Mundo Latino, 83 Broadway, Passaic, New Jersey 07055, USA (importationto U.S.)W.A. Nekkel, 122 Maple Lane, Covington, Virginia 24426, USAAvigdor Qrr, USA (see Ahipa)W.A. Osborne, Manuwatu Fresh Produce, RD 10, Palmerston, New Zealand

358LOST CROPS OF THE INCASDag Olav Ovstedal, Norway (see Maca)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Michael N. Pearson, New Zealand (virus-free germplasm) (see Mashua)Charles Peters, Institute of Economic Botany, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York1045~9980, USALeene Pietila, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Mashua)Hugh Popenoe, USA (see Arracacha)F.M. Quin, Netherlands (see Mashua)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)John W. Rick, USA (see Maca)John M. Riley, Solanaceae Newsletter, 3370 Princeton Court, Santa Clara, California 95051,USA (general information, germplasm)Arne Rousi, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Achira)L. Schilde-Rentschler, West Germany (see Mashua)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Seung Jin Kim, South Korea (germplasm) (see Achira)A.A. Shah, West Germany (see Maca)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Hermann Stegemann, West Germany (see Maca)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Richard Valley, 3328 SE Kelly, Portland, Oregon 97202, USA (grower)Guillermo Veliz, Peimco Natural Foods, 15216 Hartsook Street, Sherman Oaks, California91403, USA (importation to U.S.)Alejo von der Pahlen, Plant Production and Protection Division, Food and AgricultureOrganization of the United Nations (FAO), Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100,ItalyBenjamin H. Waite, Plant Pathology, Office of Agriculture, Bureau for Science and Technology,Agency for International Development (USAID), Washington, DC 20523, USAR.B. Wynn-Williams, New Crops Section, Division of Crop Research, Department of Scientif~cand Industrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Christchurch, New ZealandPOTATOESAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)Guillerma An~bal Albornoz Pazmino, Facultad de Ciencias Agr~colas, Universidad Centraldel Ecuador, Obispo Miguel Solier No. 152, Quito, Ecuador (germplasm)Carlos A. Alvarez, Peru (see Oca)Santiago Erik Antunez de Mayolo R., Peru (pre-Columbian plants, geography, and climate)(see Maca)Juan Astorga N., Departamento de Agricultura, Universidad Nacional Tecnica del Altiplano,Ciadad Universitaria, Casilla 291, Puno, Peru (bitter potatoes)Israel Aviles Perez, Accion Rural Agr~cola de Desarrollo Organizado (ARADO), AvenidaBarrieutos 2347, Casilla 1710, Cochabamba, BoliviaAntonio Bacigalupo, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),Avenida Santa Maria 6700, Casilla 10095, Santiago, ChileHeinz Brucher, Argentina (see Ahipa)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, PeruAndres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Rolando Egusquiza, Peru (see Arracacha)Nelson Estrada Ramos, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA) - Tibaitata, Apartado Aereo151123, El Dorado, Bogota, Colombia

APPENDIX C359Wilma Freire, Nutrition Unit, Center for Planning and Social Research (CEPLAES), Casilla6127-CCI, Quito, Ecuador (nutrition)Humberto Gandarillas, Bolivia (see Oca)Zosimo Huaman Cueva, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Clasificador 26, Concepcion, Chile (processing, nutrition)Latinreco S.A., Ecuador (see Arracacha)Luis E. Lopez Jaramillo, Consejo Internacional de Recursos Fitogeneticos (CIRF-IBPGR),c/o Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aereo 6713, Call,Colombia (Solanaceae)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (botanical seed) (see Maca)Humberto Mendoza, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, PeruDavid Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Carlos M. Ochoa, Department of Taxonomy, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Apartado5969, Lima, PeruKatsuo A. Okada, Instituto de Genetica, Instituto Nacional de Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria(INTA), Centro de Investigaciones de Recursos Naturales, Castelar 1712, Buenos Aires,Argentina (wild species of tuber-bearing solana)Ramiro Ortega Duenas, Programa de Papa, Centro de Investigacion en Cultivos Andinos,Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSMC), Apartado 1006, K'ayra,Cusco, Peru (bitter potatoes)Victor Otazu Monzon, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Apartado 5969, Lima, Peru(pathology)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Luis Salazar, Peru (virology) (see Mashua)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Peter E. Schmiediche, Peru (tuberous solana) (see Arracacha)Mar~a Scurrah, Breeding and Genetics Department, Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP),Apartado 5969, Lima, Peru (bitter potatoes, nematodes)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Lauro Toribio Baltezar, Peru (see Maca)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Facultad de Botanica, Universidad del Cusco, Cusco, PeruJeffrey White, Colombia (see Mashua)Other Countr~esGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Vichitr Benjasil, Thailand (see Achira)Meridith Bonierbale, Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca,New York 14853, USA (genetic mapping)William M. Brown, USA (see Oca)Stephen Brush, Department of Applied Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Davis,California 95616, USA (farming systems)Manfred Dambroth, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landwirtschaft, Institut fur Pflanzenbauund Pflanzenzuchtung, Federal Research Centre of Agriculture (FAL), Bundesallee 50,Braunschweig D-3300, West GermanyW.G. D'Arcy, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299,USAL.M.W. Dellaert, Stichting voor Plantenveredeling (SVP), PO Box 117, Wageningen NL-6700-AC, NetherlandsLuis Destefano, Department of Biochemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge,Louisiana 70803 - 1464, USA (gene splicing, nutritional genes)Craig Dremann, Redwood City Seed Company, PO Box 361, Redwood City, Californiag4064, USADick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)

360LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJan Engels, International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), c/o Pusa Campus,New Delhi 110 012, IndiaWilliam Charles Evans (Department of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham), Buddlehayes,Southleigh, Colyton, Devon EX13 6JH, UKMichel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Jorge A. Galindo, Centro de Fitopatolog~a, Colegio de Postgraduados, Institucion Ensenanzae Investigacion en Ciencias Agricolas, Caixa Postal 56230, Montecillos, Estado de Mexico,MexicoZaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, PO Box 12747, G.P.O.Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria (Phaseolus)D. R. Glendinning, Scottish Crop Research Institute (SCRI ) , Pentlandfield, Roslin , MidlothianEH25 9RF, UKHeiner Goldbach, Faculty of Plant Nutrition, Technische Universitat Munchen, Weihenstephan,Freising 12, D-8050, West Germany (seed storage and germination)Paul Grun, Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University,University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA (cytology)Robert E. Hanneman, Jr., Interregional Potato Introduction Station, University of Wisconsin,Route 2, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin 54235, USAJ.G. Hawkes, c/o Department of Geological Sciences, University of Birmingham, PO Box363, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 211, UKFrank Haynes, Department of Horticulture, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NorthCarolina 27695, USAKathleen Haynes, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA), Building 011, GH 13, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC-West),Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USAJ.H.Th. Hermsen, Institute for Agricultural Plant Breeding, Agricultural University, LawickseAllee 166, Wageningen NL-6700 IW, Netherlands (genetics)Roel Hoekstra, German-Dutch Potato Collection, Institut fur Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzuchtung,Federal Research Centre of Agriculture (FAL), Bundesallee 50, Braunschweig D-3300,West GermanyRobert W. Hoopes, USA (genetics, breeding, and pathology) (see Oca)Tom Hughes, National Potato Museum, 704 North Carolina Avenue, SE, Washington, DC20003, USA (information)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Wayne Jones, USA (virus screening) (see Oca)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Janet S. Luis, Northern Philippine Root Crops Research and Training Center, Benguet StateUniversity, La Trinidad, Benguet, PhilippinesCyrus McKell, NPI, University Research Park, 417 Wakara Way, PO Box 8049, Salt LakeCity, Utah 84108, USACesar Morales, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Steve Neal, Route 1, Norwood, Missouri 65717, USAJohn S. Niederhauser, 2474 Camino Valle Verde, Tucson, Arizona 85715, USADag Olav Ovstedal, Norway (see Maca)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Dov Pasternak, Boyko Institute, Ernst David Bergmann Campus, Ben-Gurion University ofthe Negev, PO Box 1025, Beer-Sheva 84110, Israel (Solanum phureja germplasm)Stan Peloquin, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin53706, USARobert Plaisted, Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NewYork 14853, USAJurgen Reckin, Experimentalgarten Finowfurt, Altenhofer Weg 1, Werbellin DDR-1303, EastGermanyJohn M. Riley, USA (general information, germplasm) (see Oca)H. Ross, Dompfaffenweg 33, Koln 30, D-5000, West Germany

APPENDIX C361David J. Sammons, Department of Agronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland20742, USARobin Saunders, USA (processing starches) (see Achira)Ewa Sawicka, Potato Research Institute, Mlochow, Poland (potato genetics)Shao Qiquan, Genetic Transformation Laboratory and Genetic Resources of Plants, AcademiaSinica Institute of Genetics, Building 917, De-sheng-Men-Wai, Bei-sha-Tan, Beijing100012, ChinaN.W. Simmonds, School of Agriculture, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road,Edinburgh, Midlothian, EH9 3JG, UKNigel Smith, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611,USAH. David Thurston, Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York14853, USADonald Ugent, USA (see Achira)Louis J.M. van Soest, New Potential Crops Project, Centrum voor Genetische Bronnen,Droevendealsesteeg 1, Postbus 224, Wageningen 6700 AK, NetherlandsAlejo von der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)Merle Weaver, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, California 94710,USARaymon Webb, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),Building 011, GH 13, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC-West), Beltsville,Maryland 20705, USAKarl Zimmerer, Department of Geography, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NorthCarolina 27514, USAtJII II~C] 11 1=LIL~L~ Vl ~ — — ' · J ~ -=ULLUCOAndean RegionCarlos A. Alvarez, Peru (see Oca)Santiago Erik Antunez de Mayolo R., Peru (pre-Columbian plants, geography, and climate)(see Maca)Carlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Raul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)Anibal del Carpio Farfan, Peru (see Mashua)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Egusquiza, Peru (see Arracacha)Edgar Ivan Estrada, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Departamento de Agricultura,Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNPALMIRA), Apartado Aereo 237, Palmira, Valle,ColombiaRolando Estrada J., Peru (somoclonal and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)Leonard Field, Ecuador (see Oca)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Humberto Gandarillas, Bolivia (see Oca)Juan Gaviria R., Grupo Botanica, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Biolog~a,Universidad de Los Andes, La Hechicera, Merida 5101, Estado Merida, VenezuelaMichael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Luis A. Jimenez Monroy, Peru (see Oca)Sady Majino Bernardo, Peru (see Arracacha)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (botanical seed) (see Maca)

362LOST CROPS OF THE INCASUlrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Eloy Munive Jauregui, Peru (see Maca)Laura Munoz Aspen, Ecuador (in vitro germplasm conservation) (see Arracacha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Eduardo Peralta 1., Ecuador (see Mashua)Francisco Rhon Davila, Ecuador (see Maca)Raul loos E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Jose Fernando Romero Canizares, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Basilic Salas, USA (see Mashua)Francisco Salas, Peru (see Oca)Luis Salazar, Peru (virology) (see Mashua)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Peter E. Schmiediche, Peru (see Arracacha)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Lauro Toribio Baltazar, Peru (see Maca)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Julio Valle, Ecuador (soil science) (see Mashua)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Other CountriesGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)William M. Brown, USA (see Oca)Alan A. Brunt, UK (disease- and virus-free germplasm) (see Arracacha)R. Delhey, West Germany (virus-free culture) (see Arracacha)Department of Primary Industry, Director of Crop Research, PO Box 417, Konedobu, PapuaNew GuineaDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West Germany (see Mashua)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Jesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Paula Jokela, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Mashua)Wayne Jones, USA (virus screening) (see Oca)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Terttu Lempiainen, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku SF-20500, Finland(physiology, virus-free culture)Jess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Cesar Morales, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Leene Pietila, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Mashua)Hugh Popenoe, USA (see Arracacha)F.M. Quin, Netherlands (see Mashua)Jurgen Reckin, East Germany (see Potatoes)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)John W. Rick, USA (see Maca)Arne Rousi, Finland (physiology, virus-free culture) (see Achira)L. Schilde-Rentschler, West Germany (see Mashua)

APPENDIX CRichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Seung Jin Kim, South Korea (germplasm) (see Achira)A.A. Shah, West Germany (see Maca)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Hermann Stegemann, West Germany (see Maca)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Guillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Alejo van der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Karl Zimmerer, USA (see Potatoes)YACONAndean RegionCarlos Arbizu Avellaneda, Peru (see Achira)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Oscar Blanco Galdos, Peru (see Mashua)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Raul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (tissue culture, virus-free germplasm) (see Ahipa)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Rolando Egusquiza, Peru (see Arracacha)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAW), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Joy C. Horton Hofmann, Ecuador (see Achira)Zosimo Huaman Cueva, Peru (see Achira)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Sady Majino Bernardo, Peru (see Arracacha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Julio Valladolid Rivera, Peru (see Ahipa)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Other Countries363Gregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Vichitr Benjasil, Thailand (see Achira)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Stephen Facciola, 1870 Sunrise Drive, Vista, California 92084, USA (useful plants, germplasm)Daniel W. Gade, USA (see Achira)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Timothy A. Johns, Canada (ethnobotany, chemical ecology) (see Arracacha)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Richard McCain, Quail Mountain Nursery, 14310 Campagna Way, Watsonville, California95076, USA (horticulture)D.J. Manners, Brewing and Biological Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Chambers Street,Edinburgh EH1 1HX, Scotland, UK (inulin)Jess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Avigdor Orr, USA (see Ahipa)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Hugh Popenoe, USA (see Arracacha)

364LOST CROPS OF THE INCASMartin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Harold Robinson, National Museum of Natural History, NHB-166, Smithsonian Institution,Washington, DC 20560, USA (taxonomy)Elizabeth Schneider, 215 East 80th, New York, New York 10021, USA (food preparation)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Seung Jin Kim, South Korea (germplasm) (see Achira)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)John Swift, Swift's Subtropicals, 3698 Clark Valley, Los Osos, California 93402, USAW.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Donald Ugent, USA (see Achira)James R. Wells, Cranbrook Institute of Science, 500 Lone Pine Road, PO Box 801, BloomfieldHill, Michigan 48013, USA (taxonomy)KANIWAAndean RegionJaime Alba Aldunate, Bolivia (see Oca)Alipio Canahua, Instituto Nacional de Investigaci6n y Promocidn Agropecuaria (INIPA),Casilla 172, Puno, PeruAugusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Humberto Gandarillas, Bolivia (see Oca)Lionel O. Giusti, Fundaci6n e Instituto Miguel Lillo, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman,Miguel Lillo 205, San Miguelde Tucuman, Argentina (systematics)Luz Gomez, Programa de Cereales, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, LaMolina, Lima 100, PeruAlexander Grobman, Peru (germplasm collection) (see Oca)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperaci6n pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Chile (processing, nutrition) (see Potatoes)Maximo Libermann Cruz, Facultad de Ciencias, Instituto de Ecolog~a, Casilla 20127, LaPaz, Bolivia (salt tolerance)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (see Maca)Ulrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Angel Mujica, Instituto Nacional de Investigacidn y Promoci6n Agropecuaria (INIPA), Casilla172, Puno, PeruMaria de Lourdes Penaloza Izurieta, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a en Alimentos,Universidad Tecnica de Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile s/n, Casilla Postal 334,Ambato, Ecuador (nutritional analysis)Francisco Rhon Davila, Ecuador (see Maca)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Basilio Salas, USA (see Mashua)Mario E. Tapia Nunez, Peru (see Mauka)Lauro Toribio Baltazar, Peru (see Maca)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Eulogio Zanabria, Departamento de Agronom~a, Universidad Nacional Tecnica del Altiplano,Ciudad Universitaria, Casilla 291, Puno, Peru (pathology)Other CountriesJose Arze Borda, Departamento de Cultivos, Centro Agron6mica Tropical de Investigaci6ny Ensenanza (CATIE), Turrialba 7170, Costa RicaEmigdio Ball6n, Talavaya Center, Tesuque Drive, Box 2, Espanola, New Mexico 87532, USA

APPENDIX C365Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Rolf Carlsson, Department of Plant Physiology and Food Botany, University of Lund, POBox 7007, Lund S-22007, Sweden (leaf protein, plant chemistry, and nutrition)Miguel Carmen, FAO-Luanda, Angola, c/o Myllytie 16 as 24, Oulu 90500, FinlandDeutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West Germany (see Masliua)Craig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Eden Foods, Inc., 701 Tecumseh Road, Clinton, Michigan 49236, USA (importation,processing, and distribution)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Jorge D. Etchevers B., Centro de Edafolog~a, Secci6n Fertilidad de Suelos, InstitucionEnsenanza e Investigaci6n en Ciencias Agr~colas, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos,Chapingo, Estado de Mexico 56230, MexicoChristine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)Daniel W. Gade, USA (see Achira)N.W. Galwey, Department of Applied Biology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street,Cambridge CB2 3DX, UKStephen L. Gorad, 1929 Walnut Street #3, Boulder, Colorado 80302, USA (export/import)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Barry Hammel, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706, USAInternational Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Duane Johnson, Department of Agronomy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado80523, USA (production)Ron Kadish, USA (agronomy) (see Maca)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)John McCamant, Sierra Blanca Associates, 2560 South Jackson, Denver, Colorado 80210,USACyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Jerry L. McLaughlin, Department of Medicine Chemistry and Pharmacy, Purdue University,West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA (toxicology)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Robert Reid, International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), FAO Headquarters,Via delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00100, ItalyAlfredo Sanchez-Marroquin, San Miguel de Proyectos Agropecuarios, S.P.R. de R.S., Miami40, Mexico 03810, D.F., MexicoRichard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Forest Shomer, Abundant Life Seed Foundation, PO Box 772, Port Townsend, Washington98368, USAN.W. Simmonds, UK (see Potatoes)P. Uotila, Botanical Museum, University of Helsinki, Unioninkalu 44, Helsinki SF-00170,Finland (herbarium, taxonomic review)Richard Valley, USA (grower) (see Oca)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Hugh D. Wilson, Department of Biology, Texas ASM Universi~, College Station, Texas77843, USA (systematics)Rebecca Theurer Wood, PO Box 30, Crestone, Colorado 81131, USAKIWICHAAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)J. Andrango, Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias(INIAP), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito, Ecuador

(Video) Lost and Found By Oliver Jeffers I Read Aloud

366LOST CROPS OF THE INCASAntonio Bacigalupo, Chile (see Potatoes)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Angelica Campana Sierra, Banco Germoplasma Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional deInvestigaciones Agropecuarias, Estacion La Molina, Apartado 2791, Lima, Peru (nativeamaranths)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Guillermo Covas, Estacion Experimental, 6326 Anguil, La Pampa, ArgentinaDaniel G. Debouck, Unidad de Recursos Geneticas, Centro Internacional de AgriculturaTropical (CIAT), Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, ColombiaMabrouk A. El-Sharkawy, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), ApartadoAereo 6713, Cali, Colombia (physiology, photosynthesis)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Juan Gasto, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vic. Mackenna 4860, Casilla 114-D,Santiago, ChileLuz Gomez, Peru (see Kaniwa)Armando T. Hunziker, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, F~sicas y Naturales, Museo Botanico,Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Casilla de Correo 495, Cordoba 5000, ArgentinaJoaquin Hurtado Arcila, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad de Caldas, Apartado AereoNo. 275, Manizales, ColombiaNicanor Ibahez-Herrera, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad Nacional de Trujillo,San Mart~n 380, Apartado 315, Trujillo, PeruInstituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Michael J. Koziol, Latinreco S.A., Centro Nestle, Casilla Postal 6053-CCI, Quito, Cumbaya,EcuadorFrancisco Javier Lopez Macias, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad de Caldas, ApartadoAereo No. 275, Manizales, ColombiaCipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (see Maca)Mario Alfredo Marcial Grijalva, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a en Alimentos, UniversidadTecnica de Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile s/n, Casilla Postal 334, Ambato, Ecuador(nutritional analysis)Ulrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Alexander M. Mueller, Integrated Rural Development Project, Corporacidn de Araracuara,Apartado Aereo 034174, Bogota, D.E., ColombiaGladys Navas de Alvarado, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a de Alimentos, UniversidadTecnica de Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile s/n, Casilla Postal 334, Ambato, Ecuador(nutritional analysis)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Jaime Pacheco Navarro, Centro de Investigaciones de Cultivos Andinos (CICA), UniversidadNacional del Cusco, Apartado Postal 774, Cusco, PeruFelipe Portocarrero S., Universidad del Pacifico, Jesus Maria, Avenida Salaverry 2020,Apartado 4683, Lima 11, PeruRaul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru.(see Mashua)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Luis Sumar Kalinowski, Centro de Investigaciones de Cultivos Andinos (CICA), UniversidadNacional del Cusco, Apartado Postal 774, Cusco, PeruLauro Toribio Baltazar, Peru (see Maca)Roberto Ugas C., Programa de Investigacion en Hortalizas, Departamento de Horticultura,Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, Peru (leafyvegetables)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)

APPENDIX C367Cesar Vasconez Sevilla, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a en Alimentos, Universidad Tecnicade Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile sin, Casilla Postal 334, Ambato, Ecuador (nutritionalanalysis)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Samuel van Rutte, Latinreco S.A., Centro Nestle, Casilla Postal 6053—CCI, Quito, Cumbaya,EcuadorOther CountnesMohammed Abid Alsaidy, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Abu Gharib, Iraq(amaranth germplasm)Gregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Wayne Applegate, American Amaranth Institute, PO Box 216, Bricelyn, Minnesota 56097,USAArrowhead Mills, Inc., PO Box 2059, Hereford, Texas 79045, USA (processing)Suzanne Ashworth, 5007 Del Rio Road, Sacramento, California 95822, USA (amaranth)Michael Avishai, Jerusalem and University Botanical Garden, Hebrew University of Jerusalem,Givat Ram, Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel (germplasm)Emigdio gallon, USA (see Kaniwa)Robert Becker, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, California 94710,USA (milling)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)William M. Brown, USA (see Oca)Leslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)T.A. Campbell, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),Building 001, Room 340, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC-West), Beltsville,Maryland 20705, USA (industrial crops)Rolf Carlsson, Sweden (leaf protein, plant chemistry, and nutrition) (see Kaniwa)Centroamericana de Semillas, Apartado Postal 1960, Tegucigalpa, HondurasGeorge B. Chibiliti, Crop Science Department, School of Agricultural Sciences, Universityof Zambia, Lusaka Campus, PO Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia (amaranth)Abebe Demissie, Plant Genetic Resources Center, PO Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(amaranths)Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West Germany (see Mashua)Soonthorn Duriyaprapan, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR),196 Phahonyothin Road, Bangkhen, Bangkok 9, Thailand (amaranth)Daniel Early, Central Oregon Community College, NW College Way, Bend, Oregon 97701,USA (amaranth)B.O. Eggum, Department of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, National Institute ofAnimal Science, 25 Rolighedsvej, Frederiksberg C, DK-2500, Denmark (nutrition)Marco Romilio Estrada Muy, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad de San Carlos, Apartado1545, Ciudad Universitaria, Guatemala 12, GuatemalaMichel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Hector E. Flores, Department of Plant Pathology, Pennsylvania State University, UniversityPark, Pennsylvania 16802, USA (phytochemistry)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)V.K. Gupta, Department of Crop Science, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya (amaranths)DJ. Hagedorn, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, 1630 Linden Drive,Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USARay Henkel, USA (pioneer colonization) (see Achira)J.L. Hudson, Seedsman, PO Box 1058, Redwood City, California 94064, USARon Hurov, USA (see Mashua)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)S.K. Jain, Agronomy and Range Science Department, University of California, Davis,California 95616, USA (genetics)

368LOST CROPS OF THE INCASC. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Duane Johnson, USA (production) (see Kaniwa)B.D. Joshi, Regional Substation, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Phagli, Simla171 021, India (germplasm)J. Juribe Razz, Academia Mexicana de Ciencias Agr~colas, Cuautla No. 76, Casilla Postal06140, Mexico 11, D.F., MexicoPromila Kapoor, Commonwealth Science Council, Commonwealth Secretariat, MarlboroughHouse, Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX, UK (amaranths)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Charles Kauffman, Rodale Research Center, Route 1, Box 323, Kutztown, Pennsylvania19530, USA (germplasm, agronomy)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Peter Kulakow, The Land Institute, Salina, Kansas 67401, USA (amaranth)Chi Won Lee, New Crops Section, Department of Horticulture, Colorado State University,Ft. Collins, Colorado 80523, USA (halophytes)James Lehmann, Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA(amaranth)Jess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Tribal B. Martinez Munoz, Facultad de Agronomic, Universidad de San Carlos, Apartado1545, Guatemala City, GuatemalaGary Nabhan, Desert Botanical Gardens, 1202 North Galvin Parkway, Phoenix, Arizona85008, USALenis Nelson, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, Lincoln,Nebraska 68583, USA (amaranth)John Palmer, New Zealand (amaranth) (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (amaranths) (see Maca)Michael N. Pearson, New Zealand (amaranth) (see Mashua)Birthe Pedersen, Department of Biotechnology, Carlsberg Research Laboratory, 10 GamleCarlsbergvej, Valby DK-2500, Denmark (nutrition)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Daniel H. Putnam, Center for Alternative Crops and Products, University of Minnesota, 305Alderman Hall, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA (amaranths)Mickey Reed, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA (salinity)Robert Reid, Italy (see Kaniwa)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)Robert Robinson, Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, University of Minnesota,Borlaug Hall, 1991 Buford Circle, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA (amaranth)David J. Sammons, USA (amaranth) (see Potatoes)Alfredo Sanchez-Marroquin, Mexico (amaranths) (see Kaniwa)Jonathan Sauer, Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, California90024, USARobin Saunders, USA (processing starches) (see Achira)Jurgeon Schaeffer, Department of Plant and Soil Science, Montana State University,Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA (amaranth)Al Schneiter, Department of Agronomy, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota58105, USA (amaranth)Shao Qiquan, China (see Potatoes)Forest Shomer, USA (see Kaniwa)William Stegmeier, Experiment Station, Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas 67601,USA (amaranth)Guadalupe Suarez Ramos, ITESM Unidad Queretaro, Apartado Postal 37, Queretaro,Queretaro, Mexico (amaranth)Sun Hongliang, Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation, Chinese Academy of AgriculturalSciences (CAAS), 30 Baishiqiso Road, West Suburbs, Beijing 100081, China (amaranths)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (amaranth) (see Mashua)Antonio Trinidad Santos, Centro de Edafolog~a, Seccion Fertilidad de Suelos, InstitucionEnsenanza e Investigacion en Ciencias Agr~colas, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos,Chapingo, Estado de Mexico 56230, Mexico (amaranths)

APPENDIX C369Alejo von der Pahlen, Italy (amaranths) (see Oca)Leon W. Weber, Amaranth Project, Rodale Research Center, Route 1, Box 323, Kutztown,Pennsylvania 19530, USA (germplasm, agronomy)Rebecca Theurer Wood, USA (see Kaniwa)R.B. Wynn-Williams, New Zealand (amaranth) (see Oca)Yue Shaoxian, Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation, Chinese Academy of AgriculturalSciences (CAAS), 30 Baishiqiao Road, West Suburbs, Beijing 100081, China (amaranths)QUINOAAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)Jaime Alba Aldunate, Bolivia (see Oca)Aquilino Alvarez, Programa de Quinua, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad delCusco (tINSMC), Apartado 1006, K'ayra, Cusco, PeruMilton Alvarez B., Latinreco S.A., Centro Nestle, Casilla Postal 6053-CCI, Quito, Cumbaya,EcuadorJeanine Anderson, Asociacion Peru-Mujer, Avenida Arica 755-B, Miraflores, Lima, PeruAntonio Bacigalupo, Chile (see Potatoes)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Alejandro Bonifacio F., Estacion Experimental Patacamaya, Instituto Boliviano de Tecnolog~aAgropecuaria (IBTA), Casilla Postal 5783, La Paz, Bolivia (genetics)Hernan Caballero, Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA),Apartado 201-A, Quito, EcuadorAugusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Angel Cari Choquehuanca, Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agraria y Agroindustrial(INIAA), Puno, PeruRaul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (see Ahipa)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Daniel G. Debouck, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Anibal del Carpio Farfan, Peru (see Mashua)William Edwardson, Oficina Regional pare la America Latina y el Caribe, InternationalDevelopment Research Centre (IDRC), Apartado Aereo 53016, Bogota, ColombiaJose Eguez, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Estacion Experimentaldel Austro, Apartado 554, Cuenca, EcuadorFondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Humberto Gandarillas, Bolivia (see Oca)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Lionel O. Giusti, Argentina (systematics) (see Kaniwa)Luz Gomez, Peru (see Kaniwa)Emilio Gonzalez Gonzalez, c/o Division Agr~cola Carozzi, AGROZZI, Camino LongitudinalSur 5201, Km. 23, San Bernardo, Santiago, ChileRuperto Hidalgo A., Hospital Cantonal de Colta, Colta, Chimborazo, Ecuador (child nutrition)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Chile (desaponization, processing, and nutrition) (see Potatoes)Michael J. Koziol, Ecuador (see Kiwicha)Johann Krug, Andean Crops for Human Nutrition, Convenio Peru-Alemania pare CultivosAndinos-GTZ (CORDE), Avenida Sol 817, Casilla Postal 807, Cusco, Peru ("life-support"crops)Latinreco S. A., Ecuador (see Arracacha)Craig Leon, Grupo Morisaenz, Casilla 625, Quito, Ecuador (indigenous agriculture)Maximo Libermann Cruz, Bolivia (salt tolerance) (see Kaniwa)Cipriano Mantari Camargo, Peru (see Maca)

370LOST CROPS OF THE INCASMario Alfredo Marcial Grijalva, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Ulrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Angel Mujica, Peru (see Kaniwa)Eloy Munive Jauregui, Peru (see Maca)Gladys Navas de Alvarado, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Jose Ochoa L., Programa de Cultivos Andinos, Instituto Nacional de InvestigacionesAgropecuarias (INW), Estacion Experimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito,EcuadorVictor Otazu Monzon, Peru (pathology) (see Potatoes)Maria de Lourdes Penaloza Izurieta, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kaniwa)Eduardo Peralta I., Ecuador (see Mashua)A. Reggiardo, Departamento de Tecnolog~a y Productos Agropecuarios (TAPA), UniversidadNacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, Peru (processing)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (see Achira)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Jose Fernando Romero Canizares, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Steve Sacks, Grupo Morisaenz, Casilla 625, Quito, Ecuador (landraces)Basilio Salas, USA (see Mashua)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Mario E. Tapia Nunez, Peru (see Mauka)Lauro Toribio Baltazar, Peru (see Maca)Julio Valle, Ecuador (soil science) (see Mashua)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Cesar Vasconez Sevilla, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Carlos Adolfo Vimos Naranjo, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Erik von Baer von Lochow, Estacion Gorbea, Campex - Semillas Baer, Casilla 87, Temuco,ChileSamuel von Rutte, Ecuador (see Kiwicha)Jose Zaporta R., Hospital Cantonal de Colta, Colta, Chimborazo, Ecuador (child nutrition)Other Countr~esSergey M. Alexanyan, N.l. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry, Ulitsa Gertsena 44, Leningrad190 000, USSRArrowhead Mills, Inc., USA (processing) (see Kiwicha)Ariel Azael, Haiti (see Ahipa)Emigdio gallon, USA (see Kaniwa)Robert Becker, USA (milling) (see Kiwicha)Nate Bower, Department of Chemistry, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado80903, USARicardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)William M. Brown, USA (see Oca)Rolf Carlsson, Sweden (leaf protein, plant chemistry, and nutrition) (see Kaniwa)Miguel Carmen, Finland (see Kaniwa)George Clark, Box 163, Rossburn, Manitoba RW lV0, Canada (grower)D. J. Cotter, USA (see Ahipa)Lynton J. Cox, Central Laboratory, Nestle Products Technical Assistance Company, AvenueNestle 55, Vevey CH-1800, SwitzerlandEwen Coxworth, Biomass Resources, Saskatchewan Research Council, 15 InnovationBoulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 2X8, Canada (salt tolerance)Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West German (see Mashua)Eden Foods, Inc., USA (importation, processing, and distribution) (see Kaniwa)

APPENDIX C37W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Jorge D. Etchevers B., Mexico (see Kaniwa)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Erich W. Forster, Suite 490, 109 Minna Street, San Francisco, California 94105, USA(desaponization)Christine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)N.W. Galwey, UK (see Kaniwa)Good Seed, PO Box 702, Tonasket, Washington 98855, USAStephen L. Gorad, USA (export/import) (see Kaniwa)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)V.L. Guzman, Everglades Research and Education Center - Belle Glade, institute of Foodand Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, PO Box 8003, Belle Glade, Florida33430, USABarry Hammel, USA (see Kaniwa)Ray Henkel, USA (pioneer colonization) (see Achira)Sandra Hernandez, 165 East 112th #8A, New York, New York 10029, USAKarl Herz, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Via delle Termedi Caracalla, Rome 00100, ItalyGretchen Hofmann, The Windstar Foundation, PO Box 178, Snowmass, Colorado 81654,USARobert W. Hoopes, USA (genetics, breeding, and pathology) (see Oca)J.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)international Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)International Development Research Centre (IDRC), International Development ResearchCentre (lDRC), PO Box 8500, Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3H9, CanadaJesse Jaynes, USA (gene splicing) (see Ahipa)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Duane Johnson, USA (production, processing, and distribution) (see Kaniwa)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Jack A. Kernan, Biomass Resources, Saskatchewan Research Council, 15 InnovationBoulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 2X8, Canada (salt tolerance)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Vladamir Krivchenko, N.l. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry, Ulitsa Gertsena 44, Leningrad190 000, USSRChi Won Lee, USA (halophytes) (see Kiwicha)John McCamant, USA (see Kaniwa)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Jerry L. McLaughlin, USA (toxicology) (see Kaniwa)Bruce Macler, Mail Stop 239-4, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA),Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA (biochemistry of plantgrowth in closed systems)Malachite Small Farms, Gardner, Colorado 81040, USAJess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Cesar Morales, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Kapiton V. Novozhilov, Pushkin Institute of Plant Protection, Shosse Podbel'skogo 3,Leningrad 188 620, USSRJohn Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Alan M. Paton, Division of Bacteriology, Department of Agriculture, Aberdeen University,581 King Street, Aberdeen AB9 IUD, UK (fusion of nitrogen fixation genes)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Daniel H. Putnam, USA (see Kiwicha)F.M. Quin, Netherlands (see Mashua)Quinoa Corporation, 24248 Crenshaw Boulevard, PO Box 1039, Torrance, California 90505,USA (importation, processing, and distribution)Jerry Rabe, Pillsbury Company, 311 Second Street Southeast, Minneapolis, Minnesota55414, USA

372LOST CROPS OF THE INCASRobert Reid, Italy (see Kaniwa)Alfredo Sanchez-Marroquin, Mexico (see Kaniwa)Robin Saunders, USA (processing starches) (see Achira)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Forest Shomer, USA (see Kaniwa)N.W. Simmonds, UK (see Potatoes)Richard Storey, Department of Biology, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado80903, USAW.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Rick Torwalt, Leroy, Saskatchewan SOK 2P0, Canada (grower)R. Uotila, Finland (herbarium, taxonomic review) (see Kaniwa)Richard Valley, USA (grower) (see Oca)Mary van Buren, P.O. Box 162, Cutchogue, New York 11935, USALouis J.M. van Soest, Netherlands (germplasm) (see Potatoes)Guillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Hugh D. Wilson, USA (systematics) (see Kaniwa)Rebecca Theurer Wood, USA (see Kaniwa)R.B. Wynn-Williams, New Zealand (see Oca)Karl Zimmerer, USA (see Potatoes)BASULAndean RegionL.E. Acero Duarte, Apartado Aereo 55332, Bogota, ColombiaN. Barrera Marin, Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional, Apartado 237, Palmira,ColombiaCecilia de Martinez, Laboratorio de Bioqu~mica, Departamento de Qu~mica, UniversidadNacional de Colombia, Bogota, ColombiaDaniel G. Debouck, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Estela D'az, Laboratorio de Bioqu~mica, Departamento de Qu~mica, Universidad Nacionalde Colombia, Botota, ColombiaMarc Dourojeanni, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Centro de Datos Para La Conservacion,Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruJaime Gaete Calderon, Region Metropolitana, Corporacion Nacional Forestal (CONAF),Eliodora Yanez 1810, Santiago, ChileInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Shirley Keel, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Centro de Datos Para La Conservacion,Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, Peru (botany)Alexander M. Mueller, Colombia (see Kiwicha)C. Percy Nunez Vargas, Proyecto Flora del Peru, Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abaddel Cusco (UNSMC), Umanchata 136, Cusco, PeruIsaac C. Peralta Vargas, Departamento Academia de Ciencias Biologicas, UniversidadNacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco (UNSMC), Apartado Corea 162, Cusco, PeruGerardo Perez, Laboratorio de BioquSmica, Departamento de Qu~mica, Universidad Nacionalde Colombia, Bogota, ColombiaManuel R'os, Departmento de Manejo Forestal, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado456, La Molina, Lima 100, Peru (forestry)Jose Gabriel Sanchez Vega, Los Sauces No. 207, Apartado 53, Cajamarca, PeruCesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Other CountriesRupert C. Barneby, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-9980, USAJohn Beer, Centro Agronomica Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE), Turrialba7170, Costa Rica

APPENDIX C373Gilles Bourgeois, 2181 Navaho #608, Nepeau, Ottawa, Ontario K2C 3K3, CanadaJames L. Brewbaker, Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association (NFTA), PO Box 680, Waimanalo,Hawaii 96795, USALeslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)Curt Brubaker, Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA (leafletanatomy)Centroamericana de Semillas, Honduras (see Kiwicha)Nancy Glover, Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association (NFTA), PO Box 680, Waimanalo, Hawaii96795, USARalph J. Hervey, Departamento de Recursos Naturales Renovables Proyecto: Erythrina,Centro Agronomica Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE), Turrialba 7170,Costa RicaRichard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)David Neill, Missouri Botanical Garden, c/o USAID/Quito, U.S. Agency for InternationalDevelopment (AID), Washington, DC 20523, USACharles Peters, USA (see Oca)Michael Pilarski, Friends of the Trees, PO Box 1466, Chelan, Washington 98816, USA(reforestation and tree crops)Antonio M. Pinchinat, Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA),PO Box 1223, Castries, St. LuciaPeter H. Raven, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166 0299,USAChris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Ricardo O. Russo, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USAPedro A. Sanchez, Tropical Soils Research Program, Department of Soil Science, NorthCarolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA (integrated farming inhumid tropics)Eduardo C. Schroder, Department of Agronomy and Soils, College of Agricultural Sciences,University of Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez, PO Box 5000, Mayaguez,Puerto Rico 00708-5000, USA (rhizobia)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)James L. Zarucchi, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, USANUNASAndean RegionHernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Alfonso Cerrate Valenzuela, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina,Lima 100, PeruAndres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Jeremy Davis, c/o Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aereo6713, Cali, ColombiaDaniel G. Debouck, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Guillermo Galvez, Programa de Frijoles Andinas, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical(CIAT), Apartado 14{)185, Lima 14, PeruMiguel Holle, Peru (see Arracacha)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Julia Kornegay, Programa de Frijoles, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT),Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, ColombiaMaria del Carmen Menendez Sevillano, Facultad de Agronom~a, Catedra de Botanica,Universidad de Buenos Aires, Avenida San Mart~n 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, BuenosAires, Argentina

374LOST CROPS OF THE INCASRaul Rids E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Jaime Rojas, Corporaci6n Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato, EcuadorJose Gabriel Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Basul)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Rut Margarita Solari, Instituto de Genetica, Instituto Nacional de Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria(INTA), Centro de Investigaciones de Recursos Naturales, Castelar 1712, Buenos Aires,ArgentinaR. Sotomayor, c/o Universidad Nacional Agraria (USA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100,PeruJoseph Tohme, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Apartado Aereo 6713,Cali, ColombiaL. Trugo, Instituto de Qu~mica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, C.T. Bloco A 5Andar, llha do Fundoo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil (nutrition)Jeffrey White, Colombia (see Mashua)Other Countr~esFred A. Bliss, Department of Pomology, University of California, Davis, California 95616,USARicardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Felix Carmarena, Faculte des Sciences Agronomiques de L'Etat, Gembloux 5800, Belgium(Phaseolus)Alfonso Delgado Salinas, Herbario Nacional, Instituto de Biolog~a, Universidad NacionalAut6noma de Mexico (UNMA), Apartado Postal 70-367, Mexico 04510, D.F., MexicoAbebe Demissie, Ethiopia (Phaseolus) (see Kiwicha)Craig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Sharon Fleming, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of California, Berkeley,California 94720, USAChristine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (Phaseolus) (see Potatoes)Paul Gepts, Department of Agronomy, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USAB.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Leland W. Hudson, Regional Plant Introduction Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA), Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99163, USAInternational Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Lawrence Kaplan, Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts, Harbor 15 Campus,Boston, Massachusetts 02125, USA (archeobotany)Charles Kauffman, USA (germplasm) (see Kiwicha)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Cal F. Konzak, Department of Agronomy and Soils, Washington State University, Pullman,Washington 99164 6420, USAJanet Long-Sol~s, Apartado Postal 41 593, Mexico 11000, D.F., MexicoCarol Mackey, Department of Anthropology, California State University, 18111 NordhoffStreet, Northridge, California 91330, USAJess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Hugh Popenoe, USA (see Arracacha)Martin L. Price, USA (see Achira)L. Quagliotti, Institute of Plant Breeding and Seed Production, Via Giuria 15, Turin, 1-10126,ItalyJurgen Reckin, East Germany (see Potatoes)

APPENDIX C375Shao Qiquan, China (Phaseolus) (see Potatoes)Stephen Spaeth, Grain Legume Genetic and Physiological Research, Agricultural ResearchService (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 215 Johnson Hall, WashingtonState University, Pullman, Washington 99164~421, USAKarl Zimmerer, USA (see Potatoes)TARWIAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)Jaime Alba Aldunate, Bolivia (see Oca)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Oscar Blanco Galdos, Peru (see Mashua)Heinz Brucher, Argentina (useful plants) (see Ahipa)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Alfonso Cerrate Valenzuela, Peru (see Tunas)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Daniel G. Debouck, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Santiago D. Franco Pebe, Peru (germplasm) (see Arracacha)Alexander Grobman, Peru (hybrid seed, germplasm collection) (see Oca)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Chile (processing, nutrition) (see Potatoes)Michael J. Koziol, Ecuador (see Kiwicha)Johann Krug, Peru ("life-support" crops) (see Quinoa)Latinreco S.A., Ecuador (see Arracacha)Luis E. Lopez Jaramillo, Colombia (see Potatoes)Martha Beatriz Melendez Ibarra, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a en Alimentos, UniversidadTecnica de Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile s/n, Casilla Postal 334, Ambato, Ecuador(nutritional analysis)Ulrich Mohr, Peru (see Mashua)Reinaldo Monteiro, Brazil (Brazilian lupine) (see Arracacha)David Morales V., Bolivia (see Mashua)Angel Mujica, Peru (see Kaniwa)Gladys Navas de Alvarado, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Victor Otazu Monzon, Peru (pathology) (see Potatoes)Julio Rea, Bolivia (indigenous food plants) (see Mauka)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Jose Fernando Romero Canizares, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Basilio Salas, USA (see Mashua)Jose Gabriel Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Basul)Patricia Santamar~a Freire, Facultad de Ciencia e Ingenier~a en Alimentos, UniversidadTecnica de Ambato, Avenida Colombia y Chile s/n, Casilla Postal 334, Ambato, Ecuador(nutritional analysis)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Seminario Cunya, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Mario E. Tapia Nunez, Peru (see Mauka)Lauro Toribio Baltazar, Peru (see Maca)L. Trugo, Brazil (nutrition) (see Nunas)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)

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376LOST CROPS OF THE INCASRamiro Velastegui, Corporaci6n Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato,Ecuador (pathology)Dietrich von Baer, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 237, Concepcion, ChileErik van Baer von Lochow, Chile (see Quinoa)Other CountriesRudolf F.W. Binsack, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, CGIAR,The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA (plant production)Lynn A. Bobs, USA (see Arracacha)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)William M. Brown, USA (see Oca)Eduardo Busquets, Section 211, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit(GTZ), 1 bei Frankfurt/Main, Dag-Hammarskjold-weg 1, Postfach 5180, Eschborn D-6236, West GermanyDaniel Cohen, PO Box 401, Davis, California 95616, USAManfred Dambroth, West Germany (see Potatoes)Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), West Germany (see Mashua)Christine Franquemont, USA (Quechua plant use) (see Ahipa)Daniel W. Gade, USA (see Achira)R. Gross, Section 412, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ),1 beiFrankfurt/Main, Dag-Hammarskjold-weg 1, Postfach 5180, Eschborn D-6236, WestGermanyB.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Chaia Clara Heyn, Department of Botany, Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University ofJerusalem, Givat Ram, Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem 91904, IsraelG.D. Hill, University College of Agriculture, Lincoln College, Canterbury, New ZealandJ.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)Ron Hurov, USA (see Mashua)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Tadeusz Kazimierski, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Strzeszynska34, Poznan 60~79, PolandFriedhelm Koch, Department IC-ATAV, Degussa AG, ZN Wolfgang, PO Box 1345, HanauD-6450, West Germany (nutrition)F.B. Lucas, Facultad de Qu~mica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNMA),Apartado Postal 70-367, Mexico 04510, D.F., MexicoBarbara Lynch, 115 Kelvin Place, Ithaca, New York 14850, USAR. Marquard, Agra~wissenschaften, Institut fur Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzuchtung, Ludwigstrasse23, Giessen D-2300, West Germany (nutrition)Jess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)John Pate, Department of Botany, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WesternAustralia 6009, Australia (physiology)Uzi Plitman, Department of Botany, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Mt. Scopus,Jerusalem 91904, Israel (Lupinus)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Lech Ratajczak, Department of Biology, University of Poznan, Fredry 10, Poznan 61-701,PolandPeter Roemer, Institut fur Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzuchtung 1, Justus-Liebig-UniversitatGiessen, Fachbereich 17, Ludwigstrasse 23, Giessen D-6300, West Germany (breeding)Robin Saunders, USA (processing starches) (see Achira)Shao Qiquan, China (see Potatoes)Forest Shomer, USA (see Kaniwa)Richard Storey, USA (see Quinoa)

APPENDIX C377Guillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Alejo von der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)M. Wink, Institut fur Pharmazie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat, Saarstrasse 21, Postfact3980, Mainz 1, D-6500 West Germany (nutrition)Wanda Wojciechowska, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Strzeszynska34, Poznan 60~79, Poland (pollination)PEPPERSAndean RegionCesar Barberan, Corporaci6n Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato, EcuadorRicardo Bell6n, Facultad de Agronom~a, Catedra de Botanica, Universidad de Buenos Aires,Avenida San Mart~n 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaAugusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Mario Crespo, Centro de Investigaciones Fitotecnicas Pairumani, Casilla 3861, Cochabamba,BoliviaCarmen E.B. de Rojas, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Apartado4579, Maracay, Estado Aragua 2101, VenezuelaFrancisco Delgado de la Flor B., Programa de Investigacidn en Hortalizas, UniversidadNacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, Peru (germplasminformation)Jose D~az Flores, Universidad Nacional de San Crist6bal de Huamanga, Apartado 220,Ayacucho, PeruFondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAW), Venezuela (see Achira)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Alexander Grobman, Peru (hybrid seed, germplasm collection) (see Oca)Miguel Holle, Peru (see Arracacha)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperaci6n pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Juan Jaramill6 Vasquez, Secci6n Hortalizas, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA),Centro Nacional de Investigaci6n (CNI), Apartado Aereo 233, Palmira, Valle, Colombia(germplasm)Mario Lobo, Secci6n Hortalizas, Vegetable Crops Program, Instituto Cs:)lombiano Agropecuario(ICA), Apartado Aereo 100, Rio Negro, Antioquia, ColombiaLCis E. L6pez Jaramill6, Colombia (Solanaceae) (see Potatoes)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Juan Risi Carbone, Colombia (cropping systems) (see Achira)Raul Salazar C., Secci6n Frutales, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Apartado Aereo233, Palmira, Valle, ColombiaRaul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Ramiro Velastegui, Ecuador (pathology) (see Tarwi)Other CountriesJ6rge Arce, Unidad de Recursos Geneticos, Centro Agron6mica Tropical de Investigaci6ny Ensenanza (CATIE), Turrialba 7170, Costa Rica (germplasm)Ariel Azael, Haiti (see Ahipa)Lynn A. Bohs, USA (see Arracacha)Paul Bosland, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, New Mexico State University, LasCruces, New Mexico 88003, USARicardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)

378LOST CROPS OF THE INCASH.H. Bryan, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida, TropicalResearch and Education Center (TREC), Homestead, Florida 33031, USADid. Cotter, USA (see Ahipa)Gabor Csilleery, Research Institute for Vegetable Crops, Station Budateeteeny, PO Box 95,Budapest, Hungary (hybridization and mutation, germplasm)W.G. D'Arcy, USA (see Potatoes)R. Dumas de Vaulx, Station d'Amelioration des Plantes Mara~cheres, Centre de RecherchesAgronomiques d'Avignon, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA),84140Montfavet, Avignon, FranceAbebe Demissie, Ethiopia (see Kiwicha)William Doty, Indoor Citrus and Rare Fruit Society, 176 Coronado Avenue, Los Altos,California 94022, USA (germplasm)Craig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (taxonomy) (see Achira)Jorge A. Galindo, Mexico (see Potatoes)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (see Potatoes)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)V.L. Guzman, USA (see Quinoa)Charles B. Heiser, Jr., Department of Biology, Jordan Hall 138, Indiana University, Bloomington,Indiana 47405, USAJ.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)C. Todd Kennedy, 452 South Westminster, Los Angeles, California 90020, USAJose A. Laborde Cancino, Centro de Investigaciones Agr~colas de El Baj~o (CIAB), Unidadde Recursos Geneticos, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agr~colas (INIA), ApartadoPostal 112, Celaya, Guanajuato, MexicoJorge Leon, Costa Rica (see Maca)W.H. Lindhout, Institute for Horticultural Plant Breeding, Instituut voor de Veredeling vanTuinbouwgewassen (IVT), Postbus 16, Wageningen NL-6700 A, NetherlandsJanet Long-Sol~s, Mexico (see Nunas)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Cesar Morales, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Gary Nabhan, USA (see Kiwicha)Roy M. Nakayama, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, New Mexico State University,Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USAYasuo Ohta, 608-102, Takezono 3 chome, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-ken 305, JapanBarbara Pickersgill, Department of Agricultural Botany, University of Reading, Whiteknights,Reading RG6 2AS, UKE. Pochard, Station d'Amelioration des Plantes Mara~cheres, Centre de RecherchesAgronomiques d'Avignon, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA),84140Montfavet, Avignon, FranceL. Quagliotti, Italy (see Nunas)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., 13609 Old Cutler Road, Miami, Florida 33158, USAChris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)Shao Qiquan, China (see potatoes)Paul G. Smith, c/o Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California, Davis, California95616, USAGuillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Victor Villadolid, Unidad de Recursos Geneticos, Centro Agronomica Tropical de Investigaciony Ensenanza (CATIE), Turrialba 7170, Costa RicaBenigno Villalon, Texas Agricultural Experiment Center at Weslaco, 2415 East Highway 83,Weslaco, Texas 78596, USAAlejo von der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)

APPENDIX CRaymon Webb, USA (see Potatoes)Harold F. Winters, 10717 Kinloch Road, Silver Spring, Maryland 20903, USASQUASHES AND THEIR RELATIVESAndean Region379Maria Ines Baez, Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Santiago del Estero, Instituto Nacionalde Tecnolog~a Agropecuaria (INTA), Independencia 341, Casilla de Correo 268, Santiagodel Estero 4200, ArgentinaCesar Barberan, Ecuador (see Peppers)Fernando N. Barrantes Del Aguila, Peru (germplasm, pathology) (see Achira)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Bernardo Eraso Silva, Federacion Horto-Fruticola, Calle 37 No. 15~9, Bogota, ColombiaAlexander Grobman, Peru (germplasm collection) (see Oca)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Juan Jaramillo Vasquez, Colombia (germplasm) (see Peppers)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Chile (processing, nutrition) (see Potatoes)Ana Maria Miante Alzogaray, Facultad de Agronom~a, Catedra de Botanica, Universidad deBuenos Aires, Avenida San Mart~n 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaPatricio Montaldo Bustos, Institucion Produccion y Sanidad Vegetal, Universidad Austral deChile, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile (pre-Columbian food plants)Alexander M. Mueller, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)V~ctor Rodr~guez, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Estaci6nExperimental "Santa Catalina," Casilla Postal 340, Quito, EcuadorRaul Salazar C., Colombia (see Peppers)Raul Santana Paucar, Peru (see Mashua)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Jorge Soria V., Avenida La Republica 1754, Quito, EcuadorCesar Vasconez Sevilla, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Other Countr~esThomas Andres, Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca,New York 14853, (ISARicardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Neil Delroy, Western Australia Department of Agriculture, Baron-Hay Court, South Perth,Western Australia 6151, AustraliaDick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)Jose T. Esquinas-Alcezar, Italy (see Mauka)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (see Potatoes)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)Doug Grant, Pukekohe Research Station, Department of Scientifc and Industrial Research(DSIR), Cronin Road, RD 1, Pukekohe, New ZealandJ.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Jorge Leon, Costa Rica (see Maca)Janet Long-Sol~s, Mexico (see Nunas)

380LOST CROPS OF THE INCASBarry McGlasson, Division of Food Research, Centre for International Agricultural Research,Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), PO Box 52,North Ryde, New South Wales 2113, AustraliaFranklin W. Martin, USA (see Achira)Laura Derrick, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, 105 Deering Hall, University ofMaine, Orono, Maine 04469, USAHenry M. Munger, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, POBox 462, Geneva, New York 14456, USAMichael Nee, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 10458-9980, (ISATej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)R.W. Robinson, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva,New York 14456, USAChris Rollins, USA (see Achira)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Raymon Webb, USA (see Potatoes)Thomas W. Whitaker, 2534 Ellentown Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USABERRIESAndean RegionMary Arroyo, Departamento de Botfinica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, AvenidaBernardo O'Higgins 1058, Casilla 10-D, Santiago, Chile (Ugni)Antonio Bacigalupo, Chile (Ugni) (see Potatoes)Luis Arcadio Becerra, Programa de Frutales, Federacion Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia,Calle 73 No. 8-13, Bogotfi, ColombiaAugusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Vicente W.D. Casali, Brazil (see Arracacha)Charles R. Clement, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Estrada do Aleixo,Caixa Postal 478, Manaus 69.000, Amazonas, Brazil (tropical fruits)Bernardo Eraso Silva, Colombia (see Squashes)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Jaime Gaete Calderon, Chile (Ugni) (see Basul)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Mar~a Ines Gonzfilez, Fruticola y Forestal Sudamericana S.A., Arauco 974, Chillan, ChileEmilio Gonzfilez Gonzfilez, Chile (Ugni) (see Quinoa)Fabio Higuita Munoz, Colombia (see Arracacha)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Miguel Jordan, Laboratorio de Botfinica, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, PontificiaUniversidad Catolica de Chile, Vic. Mackenna 4860, Casilla 11=D, Santiago, Chile(Ugni)Ingo Junge Rodewald, Chile (processing, nutrition) (see Potatoes)Latinreco S.A., Ecuador (see Arracacha)Pascual Londono, COLFRUTAS, Calle 55 No. 49-50, Medell~n, Antioquia, Colombia (tradeassociation)Luis E. Lopez Jaramillo, Colombia (see Potatoes)Patricio Montaldo Bustos, Chile (pre-Columbian food plants) (see Squashes)Eloy Munive Jfiuregui, Peru (see Maca)Jaime Osorio Bedoya, Hortilizas y Frutales, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA),Apartado Aereo 151123, Bogotfi, ColombiaRaul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Raul Salazar C., Colombia (see Peppers)Francisco Sfinchez, Jard~n Botfinico de Colombia, Carrera 66A No.56 84, Bogotfi, ColombiaServicio Nacional de Aprendizaje (SENA), Regional Boyacfi, Calle 65 No. 11-70, ApartadoAereo 9801, Bogota, Colombia

APPENDIX C381Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Industrial Crops Division, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA),Apartado Aereo 233, Palmira, Valle, ColombiaCesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Erik van Baer von Lochow, Chile (Ugni) (see Quinoa)Claudio Wernli K., c/o Division Agr~cola Carozzi, AGROZZI, Camino Longitudinal Sur 5201,Km. 23, San Bernardo, Santiago, Chile (Ugni)Other CountriesVichitr Benjasil, Thailand (see Achira)Edward Cope, Bailey Horatorium, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA(taxonomy)Peter Del Tredici, The Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University, The Arborway, Jamaica Plain,Massachusetts 02130, USAArlen D. Draper, c/o Small Fruits Lab, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Departmentof Agriculture (USDA), Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC-West), Beltsville,Maryland 20705, USACraig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Gene Galletta, Small Fruits Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Departmentof Agriculture (USDA), Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC-West), Beltsville,Maryland 20705, USARay Gereau, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166~299, USA(Rubus taxonomy)Harvey K. Hall, Riwaka Research Station, Department of Scientific and industrial Research(DSIR), Old Mill Road, RD 3, Motueka, New Zealand (Rubus)Richard A. Hamilton, Department of Horticulture, College of Tropical Agriculture, Universityof Hawaii at Manoa, St. John's Plant Science Laboratory # 102,3190 Maile Way, Honolulu,Hawaii 96822, USARoy Hart, Riwaka Research Station, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR),Old Mill Road, RD 3, Motueka, New Zealand (Vaccinium)David Himelrick, 84 East Main Street, Silver Creek, New York 14136, USAJ.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)Gojka Jelenkovic, Department of Horticulture and Forestry, Rutgers University, PO Box2101, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, USA (Vaccinium)Derek Leonard Jennings, Medway Fruits, 'Clifton' Honey Lane Otham, Maidstone, KentME13 4RJ, UK (Rubus)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)G. Linsley-Noakes, Fruit and Fruit Technology Research Institute, Department of Agricultureand Water Supply, Private Bag X5013, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa (Rubus,Vaccinium)Professor Ludders, Institut fur Nutzpflanzenforschung, Technische Universitat Berlin, Fachbereich15-Ostbau, Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 3, Berlin 33, West GermanyCyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Julia F. Morton, Morton Collectanea, University of Miami, PO Box 248204, Coral Gables,Florida 33124, USA (general information)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Jorge Rodr~guez A., Centro de Fruticultura, Institucion Ensenanza e Investigacion en CienciasAgr~colas, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Chapingo, Estado de Mexico 56230,Mexico (Rubus)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Harry Jan Swartz, College of Agriculture, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland20742, USA

382LOST CROPS OF THE INCASW.R. Sykes, New Zealand (Ugni) (see Mashua)Victor A. Wynne, Haiti Seed Store - Wynne Farm, PO Box 15146, Petion-Ville, HaitiCAPULI CHERRYAndean RegionEmilio Barahona Chura, Componente Forestal de la Microregion de Juliaca, InstitutoNacional Forestal y de Fauna (INFOR), Juliaca, Puno, PeruVidal Bautista, Programa de Frutales, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad Nacional Agraria(UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruHernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Jose Calzada Benza, Cervecena San Juan, Pucallpa, PeruRaul O. Castillo T., Ecuador (see Ahipa)S.A. Centauro, Apartado 1088, Lima 100, PeruBernardo Eraso Silva, Colombia (see Squashes)Jorge Fabara, Corporacion Ambiente y Desarrollo (AMDE), PO Box 632, Ambato, EcuadorAndres Miguel Hlatky Hernandez, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Miguel Holle, Peru (see Arracacha)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Ricardo Jon Llap, Investigacion y Capacitacion Forestal y de Fauna (CENFOR Vll), InstitutoNacional Forestal y de Fauna (INFOR), Huancayo, PeruPatricio Montaldo Bustos, Chile (pre-Columbian food plants) (see Squashes)Eloy Munive Jauregui, Peru (see Maca)Gladys Navas de Alvarado, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Carlos Nieto C., Ecuador (see Achira)David Ocana Vidal, Investigacion y Capacitacion Forestal y de Fauna (CENFOR 111), InstitutoNacional Forestal y de Fauna (INFOR), Huaraz, PeruJose Pretell Chiclote, Proyecto Reforestaci6n Piloto en Cajamarca (CENFOR 11), InstitutoNacional Forestal y de Fauna (INFOR), Cajamarca, PeruCarlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Jaime Rojas, Ecuador (see Nunas)Raul Salazar C., Colombia (see Peppers)Francisco Sanchez, Colombia (see Berries)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Cesar Vasconez Sevilla, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Rebeca Vega de Rojas, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Other Countr~esGilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)Ferdinando Cossio, Istituto Sperimentale di Frutticoltura, Amministrazione Provinciale diVerona, Via San Giacomo 25, Verona 37135, ItalyPeter Del Tredici, USA (germplasm) (see Berries)Dick and Annemarie Endt,~New Zealand (see Achira)Gojka Jelenkovic, USA (see Berries)Steven R. King, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Rogers McVaugh, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Coker HallCB# 3280, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA (taxonomy)Simon E. Malo, Escuela Agr~cola Panamericana (Zamorano), Casilla Postal 93, Tegucigalpa,HondurasMartin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)

APPENDIX C383Antonino Raimondo, Istituto de Coltivezioni Arboree, Universita degli Studi - Palermo,c/o Universita degli Studi, Piazza Marina 61, Palermo 90128, ItalyRare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Jorge Rodriguez A., Mexico (see Berries)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Shao Qiquan, China (see Potatoes)Claude Sweet, Horticulture Department T-6, MiraCosta College, One Bernard Drive,Oceanside, California 92056, USALouis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)CHERIMOYAAndean RegionAntonio Bacigalupo, Chile (see Potatoes)Vidal Bautista, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Hernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Augusto Cardich, Argentina (geography and climate) (see Achira)Charles R. Clement, Brazil (tropical fruits) (see Berries)M. J. Duran, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruWilliam Edwardson, Colombia (see Quinoa)Bernardo Eraso Silva, Colombia (see Squashes)Jorge Fabara, Ecuador (see Capuli Cherry)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Francisco Gardiazabal, Escuela de Agronom~a, Universidad Catolica de Valpara~so, AvenidaBrasil 2950, Casilla 4059, Valpara~so, ChileInstituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Miguel Jordan, Chile (cropping) (see Berries)Juan Leon F., Programa Fruticultura, Estacion Experimental Tumbaco, Instituto Nacionalde Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Avenida Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas, Casilla 2600,Quito, Ecuador (horticulture and germplasm)Miguel Moran Robles, Laboratoria de Biotecnolog~a, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Facultadde Agronom~a, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima100, PeruFrancisco Rhon Davila, Ecuador (see Maca)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)G. Rosenberg, Escuela de Agronom~a, Universidad Cat61ica de Valpara~so, Avenida Brasil2950, Casilla 4059, Valpara~so, ChileIsidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Fernando Santa Cruz-B., Casilla 73, La Cruz, Chile (grower)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Luis Torellis, Escuela de Agronom~a, Universidad Catolica de Valpara~so, Avenida Brasil2950, Casilla 4059, Valpara~so, ChileJulio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Francisco A. Vivar C., Jard~n Botanico "Reinaldo Espinosa," Facultad de Ciencias Agricolas,Universidad Nacional de Loja, Casilla Letra B. Loja, EcuadorOther Countr~esDavid Austen, Exotic Nurseries, Larmar Road, RD #1, Kaitaia, New ZealandA.G. Banks, Maroochy Horticultural Research Station, Department of Primary Industries, POBox 5083, Sunshine Coast Mail Center, Nambour, Queensland 4560, Australia (atemoya)

384LOST CROPS OF THE INCASRobert Barnum, Possum Trot Nursery, 14955 S.W. 214th Street, Miami, Florida 33187,USA (cherimoya and atemoya)Boxer-Lerner, 208 Hertzel Street, Rechovot 76270, Israel (propagation, germplasm)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Tony Brown, California Tropics, Rancho Bonita Vista Corporation, 6950 Casitas Pass Road,Carpinteria, California 93013, USACarl Campbell, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida,Tropical Research and Education Center (TREC), Homestead, Florida 33031, USATom Cowdell, Welcome Bay, Tauranga, New Zealand (grower, pollination)Stuart N. Dawes, Division of Horticulture and Processing, Department of Scientific andIndustrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Auckland, New ZealandWilliam Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Norman C. Ellstrand, Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California,Riverside, California 92521-0124, USA (genetics and breeding)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Jose Farre, Estacion Experimental "La Mayora," Universidad de Malaga, Algarrobo Costa,Malaga 29750, Spain (germplasm, agronomy, and pollination)Ricardo Carlos F. Franga, Centro de Fruticultura Subtropical, Direc~ao Regional deAgricultura, Quebradas, Sao Martinho, Funchal 9000, Madeira, Portugal (germplasm)Daniel W. Gade, USA (see Achira)F. Gazit, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 6, Bet-Dagan50250, IsraelAlan P. George, Maroochy Horticultural Research Station, Department of Primary Industries,PO Box 5083, Sunshine Coast Mail Center, Nambour, Queensland 4560, Australia(taxonomy, agronomy)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)V.L. Guzman, USA (see Quinoa)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)M.E. Hopping, Ruakura Soil and Plant Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries(MAF), Private Bag, Hamilton, New ZealandRon Kadish, USA (agronomy) (see Maca)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Professor Ludders, West Germany (see Berries)Paul J.M. Maus, Netherlands (taxonomy, genetics; bibliography available) (see Achira)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Simon E. Malo, Honduras (see Capuli Cherry)Kenny Maxfield, Route 62, Box 9, Moyie Springs, Idaho 83845, USA (cold tolerance)Mauro Raul Mendoza Lopez, INIFAP, Campo Experimental Sierra Tarasca, Patzcuaro,Michoacan, Mexico (cherimoya and atemoya)Mike Moncur, Division for Forest Research, Centre for International Agricultural Research -CSIRO, Canberra, Australia (atemoya)Julia F. Morton, USA (general information) (see Berries)Hannah Nadel, Tropical Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and AgriculturalSciences, 18905 S.W. 280th Street, Homestead, Florida 33031, USA (pollination)T.D. Pennington, c/o The Herbarium, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey lW93AE, UK (taxonomy)Antonio M. Pinchinat, St. Lucia (see Basul)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Herman Real, Biological Institute of Tropical America (BIOTA), PO Box 2585, Menlo Park,California 94026 - 2585, USA (tropical ecosystems)Jorge Rodr~guez A., Mexico (see Berries)G.M. Sanewski, Maroochy Horticultural Research Station, Department of Primary Industries,PO Box 5083, Sunshine Coast Mail Center, Nambour, Queensland 4560, Australia(atemoya)George E. Schatz, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166-0299, USA (pollination)

APPENDIX CC.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Claude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Richard Valley, USA (grower) (see Oca)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)GOLDENBERRYAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)David Baumann, Instituto Rural Vallegrande, Apartado 70, Canete, PeruAndres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Orlando Cortes, Departamento Academicoide Agricultura, Universidad Nacional de SanAntonio Abad del Cusco (UNSMC), Apartado 921, Cusco, PeruHernan Cortes Bravo, Peru (see Oca)Carmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Fabio Higuita Munoz, Colombia (see Arracacha)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Mario Lobo, Colombia (see Peppers)Luis E. L6pez Jaramillo, Colombia (Solanaceae) (see Potatoes)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Modesto Soria V., Batate, Estado Tungurahua, Ecuador (grower)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Ramiro Velastegui, Ecuador (pathology) (see Tarwi)385Other CountriesGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Suzanne Ashworth, USA (see Kiwicha)John E. Averett, National Wildflower Research Center, 2600 FM 973 North, Austin, Texas78725, USALynn A. Bohs, USA (see Arracacha)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)M. Bureau et firs, 5, rue Hutte, La Possoniere, St. George sur Loire F-49170 France(nurserymen)G. Burge, New Zealand (see Oca)Carl Campbell, USA (see Cherimoya)George B. Chibiliti, Zambia (see Kiwicha)Alan Child, Ryburn, 30 Middle Street, Nafferton, Driffield, East Yorkshire YO2 50JS, UK(Solanaceae)Roy Danforth, BP 1377, Bangui, Central African RepublicW.G. D'Arcy, USA (see Potatoes)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)William Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Craig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)Hector E. Flores, USA (tissue culture, phytochemistry) (see Kiwicha)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)Doug Hammonds, Turners and Growers, Auckland, New Zealand (fruit export)

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386LOST CROPS OF THE INCASHawaiian Fruit Preserving Company, Limited, PO Box 637, Kalaheo, Kauai, Hawaii 96741,USA (fruit products)Don Hudson, Chewonki Foundation, Wiscasset, Maine 04578, USANancy Jarris, University of California Extension Service, Suite 200, 2175 The Alameda, SanJose, California 95126, (ISAAlan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)Kenya Orchards Limited, Mau Hills, Machako District, Kenya (commercial production)David J. Klinac, Ruakura Soil and Plant Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture andFisheries (OAF), Private Bag, Hamilton, New ZealandG. Linsley-Noakes, South Africa (see Berries)Professor Ludders, West Germany (see Berries)Janet S. Luis, Philippines (see Potatoes)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)D.A. Miller, Horticultural Advisory Service Experimental Station, Longue Rue (Burnt Lane),St. Martin's, Guernsey, Channel islands, UKHenry Y. Nakasone, St. John's Plant Science Laboratory #102, Department of Horticulture,College of Tropical Agriculture, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 3190 Maile Way, Honolulu,Hawaii 96822, USAMichael Nee, USA (see Squashes)John P. Ogier, Exotics Group, Horticultural Advisory Service Experimental Station, LongueRue (Burnt Lane), St. Martin's, Guernsey, Channel Islands, UKJohn Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Dov Pasternak, Israel (see Potatoes)Kevin Patterson, New Zealand (see Achira)Jean-Yves Peron, Department of Vegetable and Seed Crops, National Institute for HorticultureScience (E.N.I.T A.H.), 2, Rue le Notre, Angers 49045, France (germplasm)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)John M. Riley, USA (general information, germplasm) (see Oca)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)C A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Janet Sullivan, Department of Botany, University of New Hampshire, Nesmith Hall, Durham,New Hampshire 0382~3597, USAClaude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Loren Toomey, 24791 Belgreen Place, El Toro, California 92630, USALouis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Benjamin H. Waite, (JSA (see Oca)F.H. Wood, Ruakura Soil and Plant Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries(MAF), Private Bag, Hamilton, New ZealandHIGHIAND PAPAYASAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)Victor M. Badillo, Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Apartado4579, Maracay, Estado Aragua 2101, Venezuela (taxonomy)Cesar Barberan, Ecuador (see Peppers)Hernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Saul E. Camacho B., Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Apartado Aereo 233, Palmira,Valle, ColombiaCarmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)

APPENDIX C387Bernardo Eraso Silva, Colombia (see Squashes)Jorge Fabara, Ecuador (see Capuli Cherry)Ramon Ferreyra, Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado," Avenida Arenales 1256, Lima,PeruFondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Joy C. Horton Hofmann, Ecuador (see Achira)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Miguel Jordan, Chile (cropping) (see Berries)Mario Lobo, Colombia (Carica crassifolia) (see Peppers)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Raul Rigs E., Bolivia (see Achira)Victor Rodriguez, Ecuador (see Squashes)Jaime Rojas, Ecuador (see Nunas)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Modesto Soria V., Ecuador (grower, hybrids) (see Goldenberry)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Rebeca Vega de Rojas, Ecuador (tissue culture) (see Arracacha)Ramiro Velastegui, Ecuador (pathology) (see Tarwi)Other CountriesDavid Austen, New Zealand (hybrids) (see Cherimoya)Robert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)G. Burge, New Zealand (see Oca)Carl Campbell, USA (see Cherimoya)Ferdinando Cossio, Italy (germplasm) (see Capuli Cherry)John Couch, Strybing Arboretum, Golden Gate Park, 9th Avenue at Lincoln Way, SanFrancisco, California 94720, USA (germplasm)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)William Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Enrique Forero, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 6316~0299,USAPhil and Georgie Gardener, c/o P.O. Opua, Bay of Islands, New Zealand (hybrids)F. Gazit, Israel (see Cherimoya)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (see Potatoes)Jane Harman, Division of Horticulture and Processing, Postharvest Physiology, Departmentof Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Mount Albert Research Centre, 120 Mt.Albert Road, Private Bag, Auckland, New ZealandErnest P. Imle, 10802 Bornedale Drive, Adelphi, Maryland 20783, USASherry Kitto, Department of Plant Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 1 9716-1303, USA (tissue culture)Robert Knight, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),13601 Old Cutler Road, Miami, Florida 33158, USARichard E. Litz, University of Florida Research Station, University of Florida, Homestead,Florida 33030, USA (tissue culture)Paul Loo, Plantek International, #04 - 01A, Block 14, Lee Maxwell, Science Park Drive,Singapore 0511, Singapore (tissue culture)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)D A. Miller, UK (see Goldenberry)Henry Y. Nakasone, USA (see Goldenberry)

388LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJohn P. Ogler, UK (see Goldenberry)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Martin L. Price, USA (see Achira)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Shao Qiquan, China (see Potatoes)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Claude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)John Swift, USA (see Yacon)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Francisco Vasquez, Tropical Agriculture Research Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA), PO Box 70, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00789, USAFrancis Zee, Hawaii Branch Station, Beaumont Agricultural Research Center, University ofHawaii, College of Tropical Agriculture, 461 West Lanakaula Street, Hilo, Hawaii 96720-4094, USA (clonal variation and propagation)LOCUSAndean RegionVidal Bautista, Peru (bibliography available) (see Capuli Cherry)Jorge Bermudez, Departamento Fitotecnia, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA), Apartado456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruJose Calzada Benza, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Ramon Ferreyra, Peru (see Highland Papayas)Wilma Freire, Ecuador (nutrition) (see Potatoes)Jaime Gaete Calderon, Chile (see Basul)Miguel Jordan, Chile (cropping) (see Berries)Patricio Montaldo Bustos, Chile (pre-Columbian food plants) (see Squashes)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Emilio Rojas Mendoza, Peru (see Maca)Raul Salazar C., Colombia (see Peppers)Fernando Santa Cruz-B., Chile (grower) (see Cherimoya)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Other CountriesRobert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)Jesus Axayacatl Cuevas Sanchez, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidad AutonomaChapingo, Chapingo, Estado de Mexico 56230, MexicoStuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)Professor Ludders, West Germany (see Berries)Simon E. Malo, Honduras (see Capuli Cherry)T.D. Pennington, UK (taxonomy) (see Cherimoya)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)

APPENDIX CNARAN~IILLA (Lulo)Andean Region389Carlos Bueno, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Estrada do Aleixo, CaixaPostal 478, Manaus 69.000, Amazonas, BrazilHernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Saul E. Camacho B., Colombia (see Highland Papayas)Saul Comacho, Horticultura Moderna, Apartado Aereo 20236, Call, ColombiaCarmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Edgar Ivan Estrada, Colombia (see Ulluco)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Miguel Holle, Peru (see Arracacha)Joy C. Horton Hofmann, Ecuador (see Achira)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Mario Lobo, Colombia (see Peppers)Luis E. Lopez Jaramillo, Colombia (Solanaceae) (see Potatoes)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Gladys Navas de Alvarado, Ecuador (nutritional analysis) (see Kiwicha)Jose Otocar Reina Barth, Colombia (small-scale production) (see Arracacha)V~ctor Rodr~guez, Ecuador (see Squashes)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Rebeca Vega de Rojas, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Ramiro Velastegui, Ecuador (pathology) (see Tarwi)Other Countr~esRobert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)A. Benzioni, Boyko Institute, Ernst David Bergmann Campus, Ben-Gurion University of theNegev, P(:) Box 1025, Beer-Sheva 84110, IsraelLynn A. Bohs, USA (see Arracacha)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Carl Campbell, USA (see Cherimoya)Alan Child, UK (Solanaceae) (see Goldenberry)W.G. D'Arcy, USA (see Potatoes)Romulo Davide, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines at Los Banos, LosBanos, Philippines (nematocides)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)F.G. Dennis, Jr., Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Michigan State University,Plant and Soil Sciences Building, East Lansing, Michigan 4882~1325, USAWilliam Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Craig Dremann, USA (see Potatoes)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)William Charles Evans, UK (see Potatoes)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)Kathleen Haynes, USA (see Potatoes)Charles B. Heiser, Jr., USA (see Peppers)Ray Henkel, USA (pioneer colonization) (see Achira)J.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)Ron Hurov, USA (see Mashua)Nancy Jarris, USA (see Goldenberry)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)

390LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJohn (Jack) Kelly, Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing,Michigan 48824 - 1 1 12, USABrian R. Kerry, Entomology and Hematology Department, Crop and EnvironmentalProtection Division, Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertsfordshire AL52JQ, UKRichard E. Litz, USA (tissue culture) (see Highland Papayas)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Franklin W. Martin, USA (see Achira)S. Mendlinger, Boyko Institute, Ernst David Bergmann Campus, Ben-Curion University ofthe Negev, PO Box 1025, Beer-Sheva 84110, IsraelMichael Nee, USA (see Squashes)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Dov Pasternak, Israel (see Potatoes)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Herman Real, USA (tropical ecosystems) (see Cherimoya)John M. Riley, USA (general information, germplasm) (see Oca)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)C A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Claude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Victor A. Wynne, Haiti (see Berries)PACAY (Ice-Cream Beans)Andean RegionRodrigo Arce Rojas, Herbario Forestal, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad NacionalAgraria (UNA), Centro de Datos Para La Conservacion, Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima100, PeruDaniel G. Debouck, Colombia (see Kiwicha)Marc Dourojeanni, Peru (see Basul)Erick C.M. Fernandes, Tropical Soils Research Program, Department of Soil Science, NorthCarolina State University, Programa de Suelos Tropicales, Estacion ExperimentalYurimaguas, Yurimaguas, Loreto, Peru (integrated farming in humid tropics, germplasm)Jaime Gaete Calderon, Chile (see Basul)Patricia Gomez Andrade, Herbario Nacional, Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales,Casilla 8976 Sucre 7, Quito, Ecuador (fruit types)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Shirley Keel, Peru (botany) (see Basul)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Alexander M. Mueller, Colombia (see Kiwicha)C. Percy Nunez Vargas, Peru (see Basul)Isaac C. Peralta Vargas, Peru (see Basul)Carlos Reynel, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA),Apartado 456, La Molina, Lima 100, PeruManuel R~os, Peru (forestry) (see Basul)Angel Salazar, Proyecto Agroforestal, North Carolina State University, Programa de SuelosTropicales, Estacion Experimental Yurimaguas, Yurimaguas, Loreto, Peru (germplasm)Jose Gabriel Sfinchez Vega, Peru (see Basul)

APPENDIX C391Lawrence Szott, Tropical Soils Research Program, Department of Soil Science, NorthCarolina State University, Programa de Suelos Tropicales, Estacidn ExperimentalYurimaguas, Yurimaguas, Loreto, Peru (germplasm)Other CountriesRobert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Jose R. Benites, Tropical Soils Research Program, Department of Soil Science, NorthCarolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USALynn A. Bobs, USA (see Arracacha)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)James L. Brewbaker, USA (see Basul)Leslie Brownrigg, USA (indigenous systems) (see Achira)Gerardo Budowski, United IYations University for Peace, PO Box 199-1250, Escazu, CostaRicaCentroamericana de Semillas, Honduras (see Kiwicha)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Enrique Forero, USA (see Highland Papayas)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (see Potatoes)Nancy Glover, USA (see Basul)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)Ralph J. Henley, Costa Rica (see Basul)Suzanne Koptur, Department of Biology, Florida International University, Miami, Florida33199, USAJorge Leon, Costa Rica (see Maca)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Simon E. Malo, Honduras (see Capuli Cherry)Yosef Mizrahi, Institute of Applied Research and Department of Biology, Ben-Gurion (1niversi~of the Negev, PO Box 1025, Beer-Sheva 84110, IsraelWilliam L. Nelson, Pacific Tree Farms, 4301 Lynnwood Drive, Chula Vista, California 92010,USAA. Nerd, Boyko Institute, Ernst David Bergmann Campus, Ben-Gurion University of theNegev, PO Box 1025, Beer-Sheva 841 10, IsraelDov Pasternak, Israel (see Potatoes)Charles Peters, USA (see Oca)Michael Pilarski, USA (reforestation and tree crops) (see Basul)Antonio M. Pinchinat, St. Lucia (see Basul)De Lourdes Rico-Arce, Botany Department c/405, General Herbarium, British Museum(Natural History), Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK (taxonomy)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Pedro A. Sanchez, USA (integrated farming in humid tropics) (see Basul)Eduardo C. Schroder, USA (rhizobia) (see Basul)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)James L. Zarucchi, USA (see Basul)PASSION FRUITSAndean RegionHernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)

392LOST CROPS OF THE INCASJooo Lucio de Azevedo, BioPlanta do Brazil, Caixa Postal 1141, Campinas Sao Paulo13.100, Brazil (mycorrhiza, tissue culture)Cesar del Carpio Merino, Peru (see Achira)Bernardo Eraso Silva, Colombia (see Squashes)Linda Albert de Escobar, Departamento de Biologic, Universidad de Antioquia, ApartadoAereo 1226, Ciudad Universitaria, Medell~n, Antioquia, Colombia (germplasm, economicuse, and taxonomy)Jorge Fabara, Ecuador (see Capuli Cherry)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Pascual Londono, Colombia (trade association) (see Berries)Sady Majino Bernardo, Peru (see Arracacha)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)C. Percy Nunez Vargas, Peru (see Basul)Margareta Maria Restrepo, Department of Biology, Universidad de Antioquia, Apartado Aereo1226, Ciudad Universitaria, Medell~n, Antioquia, ColombiaRaul RSos E., Bolivia (see Achira)V~ctor Rodr~guez, Ecuador (see Squashes)Carlos Roersch, Peru (see Mashua)Carlos Ruggiero, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias, Universidade EstadualPaulista, Campus de Jaboticabal, Jaboticabal, BrazilJorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Modesto Soria V., Ecuador (grower) (see Goldenberry)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Other CountriesRobert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Tony Brown, USA (see Cherimoya)Ferdinando Cossio, Italy (see Capuli Cherry)John Couch, USA (germplasm) (see Highland Papayas)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)William Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)W. Hardy Eshbaugh, USA (see Achira)Tunde Fatunla, Department of Plant Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, lle-lfe, Nigeria(processing)Zaccheaus Oyesiju Gbile, Nigeria (see Potatoes)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Hawaiian Fruit Preserving Company, Limited, USA (fruit products) (see Goldenberry)J.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)C. Antonio Jimenez Aparicio, Mexico (see Arracacha)Peter Moller Jorgensen, Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus, 68 Nordlandsvej, RisskovDK-8240, DenmarkRobert Knight, USA (see Highland Papayas)G. Linsley-Noakes, South Africa (see Berries)Professor Ludders, West Germany (see Berries)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)John M. MacDougal, Missouri Botanical Garden, PO Box 299, St. Louis, Missouri 63166—0299, USA (taxonomy)Simon E. Malo, Honduras (see Capuli Cherry)Franklin W. Martin, USA (see Achira)D.A. Miller, UK (see Goldenberry)

APPENDIX C393Dewey Moore, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, 1630 Linden Drive,Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USAMonica Moraes, Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus, 68 Nordlandsvej, Risskov DK-8240,DenmarkJulia F. Morton, USA (general information) (see Berries)J.S. Mugawara, Faculty of Agriculture, J.C.M. Odungu, Department of Agronomy, MakerereUniversity, Kampala, Uganda (shipping)Henry Y. Nakasone, USA (see Goldenberry)John P. Ogler, UK (see Goldenberry)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, [Sepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Antonio M. Pinchinat, St. Lucia (see Basul)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Greg J. Pringle, Division of Horticulture and Processing, Department of Scientific andIndustrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Auckland, New ZealandRare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Herman Real, USA (tropical ecosystems) (see Cherimoya)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Pat R. Sale, Citrus and Subtropical Horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF),Private Bag, Tauranga, New ZealandElizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Claude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Guillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Alejo von der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Donald S.C. Wright, Division of New Crops Section, Crop Research, Department of Scientificand Industrial Research (DSIR), Private Bag, Christchurch, New ZealandVictor A. Wynne, Haiti (see Berries)PEPINOAndean RegionSegundo Alandia, Bolivia (pathology) (see Mashua)Antonio Bacigalupo, Chile (see Potatoes)Cesar Barberan, Ecuador (see Peppers)David Baumann, Peru (see Goldenberry)Andres Contreras M., Chile (germplasm) (see Oca)Carmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Michael Hermann, Peru (see Achira)Fabio Higuita Munoz, Colombia (see Arracacha)Miguel Holle, Peru (see Arracacha)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Christian Krarup H., Facultad de Agronom~a, Universidad Catolica, Casilla 6177, Santiago,ChileLuis E. Lopez Jaramillo, Colombia (Solanaceae) (see Potatoes)Sady Majino Bernardo, Peru (see Arracacha)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Raul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)V~ctor Rodr~guez, Ecuador (see Squashes)

394Juan Solano Lazo, Ecuador (see Achira)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Other CountriesLOST CROPS OF THE INCASGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Suzanne Ashworth, USA (see Kiwicha)Robert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Rudolf F.W. Binsack, USA (plant production) (see Tarwi)Lynn A. Bobs, USA (see Arracacha)Gilles Bourgeois, Canada (see Basul)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)Carl Campbell, USA (see Cherimoya)Alan Child, UK (Solanaceae) (see Goldenberry)Ferdinando Cossio, Italy (see Capuli Cherry)James and Joy Crawshaws, Pepino Growers of New Zealand Ltd., Waimauku, Northland,New ZealandW.G. D'Arcy, USA (see Potatoes)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)William Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)Michel Fanton, Australia (see Achira)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)Keith R.W. Hammett, Division of Horticulture and Processing, Department of Scientific andIndustrial Research (DSIR), Mount Albert Research Centre, 120 Mt. Albert Road, PrivateBag, Auckland 3, New ZealandDoug Hammonds, New Zealand (fruit export) (see Goldenberry)Jane Harman, New Zealand (see Highland Papayas)Kathleen Haynes, USA (see Potatoes)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)G. Linsley-Noakes, South Africa (see Berries)Janet S. Luis, Philippines (see Potatoes)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)Carol Mackey, USA (see Nunas)N.A. Martin, Division of Entomology, Department of Scientif~c and Industrial Research(DSIR), Private Bag, Auckland, New ZealandJess R. Martineau, USA (biotechnology) (see Mashua)Donald Maynard, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 500760th Street East, Bradenton, Florida 34203, USAD.A. Miller, UK (see Goldenberry)Michael Morley-Bunker, Pepino Project, Horticulture Department, Lincoln College, Canterbury,New ZealandMichael Nee, USA (see Squashes)John P. Ogier, UK (see Goldenberry)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Dov Pasternak, Israel (see Potatoes)Jean-Yves Peron, France (germplasm) (see Goldenberry)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)John M. Riley, USA (general information, germplasm) (see Oca)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)

APPENDIX C395Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Don Steenstra, Waikato Polytechnic, Tristram Street, Box 982, Hamilton, New ZealandClaude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)John Swift, USA (see Yacon)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Noel Turner, Division of Basic Science, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research(DSIR), Private Bag, Wellington, New ZealandGuillermo Veliz, USA (importation to U.S.) (see Oca)Alejo van der Pahlen, Italy (see Oca)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Donald S.C. Wright, New Zealand (see Passionfruit)R.B. Wynn-Williams, New Zealand (see Oca)TAMARILLO (Tree Tomato)Andean RegionGuillerma An~bal Albornoz Pazmino, Ecuador (germplasm) (see Potatoes)Alonso Atarihuana C., Facultad de Ciencias Agr~colas, Universidad Central del Ecuador,Ciudadela Universitaria, Apartado 166, Quito, Ecuador (germplasm)Antonio Bacigalupo, Chile (see Potatoes)Marco Barahona, Programa Fruticultura, Estacion Experimental Tumbaco, Instituto Nacionalde Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Avenida Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas, Casilla 2600,Quito, EcuadorHernan Caballero, Ecuador (see Quinoa)Carmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Jorge Fabara, Ecuador (see Capuli Cherry)Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Venezuela (see Achira)Alexander Grobman, Peru (germplasm collection) (see Oca)Joy C. Horton Hofmann, Ecuador (Cyphomandra cajanurnensis) (see Achira)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Mario Lobo, Colombia (see Peppers)Luis E. L6pez Jaramill6, Colombia (Solanaceae) (see Potatoes)Miguel Morfin Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (see Arracacha)Manuel Orihuela Herrera, Centro de Estudios Rurales Andinos "Bartolome de las Casas,"Comisi6n de Coordinaci6n de Tecnolog~a Andina (CCTA), SEDE Institucional, AvenidaTullumayo 465, Apartado 477, Cusco, PeruRaul R~os E., Bolivia (see Achira)V~ctor Rodr~guez, Ecuador (see Squashes)Isidoro Sanchez Vega, Peru (see Arracacha)Jorge Soria V., Ecuador (see Squashes)Modesto Soria V., Ecuador (grower) (see Goldenberry)Julio Cesar Toro Meza, Colombia (see Berries)Cesar C. Vargas Calderon, Peru (see Potatoes)Ramiro Velastegui, Ecuador (pathology) (see Tarwi)Other Countr~esGregory J. Anderson, USA (ethnobotany and taxonomy) (see Achira)Ariel Azeel, Haiti (see Ahipa)Lynn A. Bohs, USA (taxonomy) (see Arracacha)Ricardo Bressani, Guatemala (nutrition) (see Achira)

(Video) Lost! by David McPhail - Read Along With Judy

396LOST CROPS OF THE INCASCarl Campbell, USA (see Cherimoya)Alan Child, UK (Solanaceae, taxonomy) (see Goldenberry)W.G. D'Arcy, USA (see Potatoes)Stuart N. Dawes, New Zealand (see Cherimoya)William Doty, USA (germplasm) (see Peppers)Dick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Jan Engels, West Germany (see Potatoes)William Charles Evans, UK (see Potatoes)Heiner Goldbach, West Germany (seed storage and germination) (see Potatoes)B.W.W. Grout, UK (see Achira)V.L. Guzman, USA (see Quinoa)Richard A. Hamilton, USA (see Berries)Doug Hammonds, New Zealand (fruit export) (see Goldenberry)Jane Harman, New Zealand (see Highland Papayas)Roy Hart, New Zealand (see Berries)J.L. Hudson, USA (see Kiwicha)Nancy Jarris, USA (see Goldenberry)Alan M. Kapuler, USA (see Achira)John Laurenson, New Zealand Tamarillo Growers Association, Inc., PO Box 258, Kerikeri,New ZealandProfessor Ludders, West Germany (see Berries)Janet S. Luis, Philippines (see Potatoes)Richard McCain, USA (horticulture) (see Yacon)Cyrus McKell, USA (see Potatoes)N.A. Martin, New Zealand (see Pepino)Michael Nee, USA (see Squashes)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Dov Pasternak, Israel (see Potatoes)Martin L. Price, USA (limited germplasm available) (see Achira)Greg J. Pringle, New Zealand (see Passionfruit)Rare Fruit Council International, Inc., USA (see Peppers)Herman Real, USA (tropical ecosystems) (see Cherimoya)Charles M. Rick, USA (see Arracacha)John M. Riley, USA (general information, germplasm) (see Oca)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Pat R. Sale, New Zealand (see Passionfruit)Elizabeth Schneider, USA (food preparation) (see Yacon)C.A. Schroeder, USA (see Ahipa)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Steven Spangler, USA (see Ach~ra)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Claude Sweet, USA (see Capuli Cherry)W.R. Sykes, New Zealand (see Mashua)Loren Toomey, USA (grower) (see Goldenberry)Louis Trap, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Benjamin H. Waite, USA (see Oca)Donald S.C. Wright, New Zealand (see Passionfruit)Victor A. Wynne, Haiti (see Berries)R.B. Wynn-Williams, New Zealand (see Oca)QUITO PA~Andean RegionStephan G. Beck, Herbario Nacional de Bolivia, Cajon Postal 20~127, La Paz, Bolivia(ecology)

APPENDIX CJose Calzada Benza, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Carmen E.B. de Rojas, Venezuela (see Peppers)Instituto Interamericano de Cooperacion pare la Agricultura (IICA), Bolivia (see Mashua)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INW), Ecuador (see Achira)Miguel Moran Robles, Peru (see Cherimoya)Other Countries397Ariel Azuel, Haiti (see Ahipa)Michael Balick, Institute of Economic Botany, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York1045~9980, USAH. Balslev, Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus, 68 Nordlandsvej, Risskov DK-8240,Denmark (Ecuadorean palms)A. Barfod, Botanical Institute, University of Aarhus, 68 Nordlandsvej, Risskov DK-8240,Denmark (Ecuadorean palms)Warren Dolby, 5331 Golden Gate Avenue, Oakland, California 94618, USA (limitedgermplasm)John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE, UKJ. Garrin Fullington, PO Box 10411, Hilo, Hawaii 96721, USA (limited germplasm)Andrew Henderson, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York 1045~9980, USAInternational Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)Dennis Johnson, DESFIL Coordinator, Tropical Research and Development, Inc., 624 NinthStreet, Sixth Floor, Washington, DC 20001, USAPeter Moller Jorgensen, Denmark (see Passionfruit)M6nica Moraes, Denmark (Parajubaea torallyi) (see Passionfruit)WALNUTSAndean RegionEmilio Barahona Chura, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Cesar Barberan, Ecuador (see Peppers)Ramon Ferreyra, Peru (see Highland Papayas)Jaime Gaete Calderon, Chile (see Basul)Juan Gaviria R., Venezuela (see Ulluco)Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIAP), Ecuador (see Achira)Ricardo Jon Llap, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Laura Munoz Esp~n, Ecuador (see Arracacha)David Ocana Vidal, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Jose Pretell Chiclote, Peru (see Capuli Cherry)Raul Salazar C., Colombia (see Peppers)K. Thelen, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Avenida SantaMaria 6700, Casilla 10095, Santiago, ChileOther CountriesRobert Barnum, USA (see Cherimoya)Gerardo Budowski, Costa Rica (see Pacay)Edilberto Camacho Vargas, Apartado 361, Guadalupe, Goicoechea, San Jose, Costa RicaDick and Annemarie Endt, New Zealand (see Achira)Ernest P. Imle, USA (see Highland Papayas)International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Italy (germplasm information)(see Achira)

398LOST CROPS OF THE INCASGale McGranahan, Department of Pomology, University of California, Davis, California95616, USAWayne F. Manning, 27 Brown Street, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania 17837, USA (taxonomy)William L. Nelson, USA (see Pacay)John Palmer, New Zealand (see Ahipa)Tej Partap, Nepal (mountain agriculture, genetic resources) (see Maca)Chris Rollins, USA (see Achira)Richard E. Schultes, USA (ethnobotany) (see Achira)Shao Qiquan, China (see Potatoes)Steven Spangler, USA (see Achira)Calvin R. Sperling, USA (see Ahipa)Donald E. Stone, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706,USA

FAQs

What was the plant cultivated by the Incas? ›

Crops cultivated across the Inca Empire included maize, coca, beans, grains, potatoes, sweet potatoes, ulluco, oca, mashwa, pepper, tomatoes, peanuts, cashews, squash, cucumber, quinoa, gourd, cotton, talwi, carob, chirimoya, lúcuma, guayabo, and avocado.

What types of crops did the Incas grow that were unknown to the rest of the world? ›

Most Andean crops and domestic animals were likewise pristine—not known to other civilizations. Potatoes, tomatoes, chile peppers, and quinoa were among the many unique crops; Camelids (llamas and alpacas) and guinea pigs were the unique domesticated animals.

What was the number one crop of the Inca? ›

Inca farmers grew a variety of crops, including squash, peppers, beans, peanuts, more than 20 types of corn, and more than 200 types of potato. The most important crop was the potato, which could survive heavy frosts at altitudes as high as 15,000 feet above sea level.

What foods did the Incas eat and grow? ›

Corn (maize) was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squash. Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas.

Why were potatoes a good crop for the Incas to grow? ›

Resilient and sturdy the potato is suitable for cultivation at many different altitudes depending on the species and quickly became a staple part of their diet. The Incas quickly learned that the potato was ideal to be stored through a process of dehydrating and mashing the potatoes into a substance called chuñu.

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